Melody
any selection of pitches in succession
tune
a relatively short, singable melody
harmony
pitches heard simultaneously
pitch
the relative highness or lowness of a sound; a sound produced at a certain number of cycles per second
solfege
syllables used to name pitches
intonation
sense of pitch placement
interval
distance between two pitches
chromatic scale
all 12 notes of the western system presented in ascending and/or descending order
octave
interval spanning eight pitches, the distance between two pitches in which the frequency of the second pitch is twice or 1/2 that of the first
Diatonic scale
seven note (heptonic) set of pitches built a series of whole and half steps. The two diatonic forms (major and minor) are the foundations for the functional western harmony.
Pentatonic  Scale

ive note scale commonly associated with traditional music in africa and the far east

  

Scale
set of ptches presented inascending or descending order
mode
an idea about pitch and melody that encompasses musical practice and extra- musical association
Raga
indian mode or scale/ group of pitches that have extra – musical association
Dissonance
intervals or chords that sound relatively tense and unstable; generally, a discordant interval or chord
consonance
intervals or chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension; generally, a nice sounding interval or chord
sonnata Cycle

3 or 4 movements

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Fast-Slow-Fast

or

Fast-Slow+Dance and trio-Fast

symhony
4 movements
20th centurty : Dissonance
in western art music- dissonance becomes a standardin wesdtern
chords
are stacked intervals; or, in tonal music, three or more pitches sounding together ina functional way
Functional Harmony
music that uses the hieracrchy of chords (I,IV,V) in tonal music. Tonal I, Sub. DominantIV. Dominant V
form
the design of a musical selection
improvisation
a compositional process in which a musician exercises relatively great fllexibility with giv en material during a performance
theme
the basic subject matter of a piece of music
Motive
melodic or rhythmic fragment used to construct a alrger musical entity
modulation
in a piece of tonal music, shifting from one tonal center to another
strophic (song) form
folk songs, pop songs
North Indian classical forms: badhat
means growth= slow beginning acceleration to a rapid conclusion. two main sections are without tala and with tala
Through-composed music

music that lacks a repittive structural form

 

Sonata – Allegro Form
3 main sections, exposition, development, and recapitulation
Cadence
Musical term for ending
Works with voice

Bach

Canata No.80, MVT

No.1

Genre= Canata

Style Period= Baroque

 

Works with voice

Bach

Canata No.80, MVT

No.1

Genre= Canata

Style Period= Baroque

 

Orchestra works without voice

mozart- movement 1

a little night music

genre- string qaurtet

style period- classical

works for keyboard

bach- prelude and fugue in C minor

genre= prelude and fugue

instrument=harpischord

style period=baroque