Guido D’Arezzo
Considered the father of modern staff notation used melismatic lyrics
Hildegard de Bingen
?Founded a convent ?Renaissance woman
holding one syllable for many notes
(contrasts with syllabic)
Early polyphony of the Western
Church (9th-13th centuries)
Two, three, or four-part counterpoint and only performed by soloists
Guillame de Machuat
Poet, composer, courtier, cleric
made Secular songs for court entertainment and Sacred music for cathedral at Reims
music at the court
Secular music inappropriate or forbidden in church and had Instruments (contrasts the only organ and voices. Women, and performers
from all social classes allowed in church)