when romantic composers deliberately create music with specific nationality, folk songs, dances, legend, and history
when composers draw on colorful material from foreign lands
program music
instrumental music associated with story, poem, idea, or scene
slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo
thematic transformation
when a leody returns in a later movement or section of romantic works, this is when the character may be transformed by changes in dynamics
German word, commonly used for song with German text
strophic form
repeating the same music for each stanze of a poem
through-composed form
writing new music for each stanza of a poem
“night piece”
a piece designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties
idee fixe
single melody used in several movements of a long work to represent a recurring idea
symphonic poem (tone poem)
programmatic composition for orchestra in one movement, which may have traditional form
absolute music
instrumental music having no intended association with a story, poem, scene
program symphony
symphony related to story, idea, scene, in which each movement usually has a descriptive title
concert overture
independent composition for orchestra in one movement, usually in sonata form, often in romantic period
incidental music
music intended to be performed before and during play, setting mood for drama
an Italian literary movement
short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, characteristics of the operas of wagner
Franz Liszt
To display his own incomparable piano mastery, this man composed Transcendental Etudes
Franz Liszt
develops new form of program music that influences later composers
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Among Liszt’s favorite inspirations were the literary works of
had a charismatic personality and was a stupendous performer.
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
arpeggios, rapid octaves and daring leaps, and complexity of sound
Characteristics of liszt’s piano works
thematic transformation
In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as
During his teens and twenties, Liszt lived in
Niccolo Paganini.
As a youth, Liszt was influenced by the performances of
symphonic poem
Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at _____________, where he championed works by contemporary composers.
Until the age of thirty-six, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
The high point of Mendelssohn’s career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____________ in England.
soloist, who presents the main theme.
Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
are played without pause.
The three movements of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin
appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation.
In the first movement of the Concerto for Violin, the cadenza
Johann Sebastian Bach.
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
musical journalism.
In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to
sensationally autobiographical program, amazingly novel orchestration, vivid description of the weird and diabolical
Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its
the Prix de Rome
In 1830 the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz
Dies irae.
The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of the Fantastic Symphony is the
Outside France, Hector Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n)
idee fixe.
Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
love for the actress Harriet Smithson.
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s
march to the scaffold.
The fourth movement of the Fantastic Symphony depicts a
The Sorcerer’s Apprentice
Which of the following was not composed by Berlioz?
The second movement of the Fantastic Symphony is a __________, the most popular dance of the romantic era.
a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity.
Nadezhda von Meck was
a dismal failure.
At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet Overture was
Symphony no. 6, marche slave, overture 1812
Tchaikvosky compsed…
concert overture.
Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet is a(n)
a slow, despairing finale
Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony ends with…
Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under _________ domination.
Czech national music.
Smetana is regarded today as the father of ___________.
The Bartered Bride
Smetana’s most popular opera is
A river
Smetana’s most famous work is the tone poem Ma Vlast (My Land). In it, the movement called The Moldau depicts ____________
shy and reserved.
Chopin was
are exquisite miniatures.
Most of Chopin’s pieces
the left hand must play rapid passages throughout.
Chopin’s Revolutionary Etude in C Minor develops the pianist’s left hand because
produce big sounds on the piano.
Because of his size, it was difficult for Chopin to
Much of Chopin’s music is an example of
a dance in triple meter.
The polonaise is
Modest Mussorgsky
The most original, and probably the greatest of the Russian five, was
The romantic period in music extended from about 1820 to 1900.
Romantic style flourished in music when?
emphasis on self-expression and individuality of style. explores flamboyance and intimacy, unpredictability and melancholy
What are the characteristics of romanticism?
a composition for solo voice and piano
What is an art song?
What instrument was often found in most middle-class homes during the romantic period?
through-composed setting
Franz Schubert’s song Erlkonig is in what song form?
over 600
How many songs did Franz Schubert write?
Which composer first developed the symphonic poem?
between 60 and 80
How many musicians might be included in an orchestra in the late romantic period?