Boogie woogie
blues piano tradition that sprang up during the early 20th century; “southwest territory”; pianist usually played repeated pattern with left hand down in low range whil improvising patterns with right hand.
singing style made possible my invention of microphone; involves intimate approach of vocal
southern string band tradition; vocal style dubbed “high, lonesome sound”; pioneer of bluegrass was bill monroe
blues crooning
style of rhythm and blues, blend of blues and pop singing.
chicago electric blues
post war urban blues style; originated from missippi delta tradition of charlie patton and robert johnson; amplified sound of instruments such as electric guitar; reflected musical tastes of black chicagoans/immigrants from deep south; rougher, grittier styles linked to african american folk traditions.
post war country and western music style; sometimes called “hard country” or “beer-drinking music”; texas and oklahoma; sound of roadside bar or juke joint.
jump blues
first commercially successful form of rhythm and blues flourished during and after WWII; specialized in hard swinging boogie woogie based music; humorous lyrics and wild stage performances.
a cappella
vocal singing without instrumental accompaniment
cover version
own original form and style of a previously recorded performance.
electric guitar
an electrically amplified guitar.
prolongation of sound; ambient acoustical space type of sound. can occur naturally of simulated through electronics.
illegal bribes to radio disc jockeys to have a certain artists’ records played more frequently.
responsible for booking time in recording studio; hiring backup singers/instrumentalists; assists with engineering process and imprinting characteristic sound of finished record.
african american musical genre emerged after WWII; characterized by energetic and hard-swinging rhythms. came to replace older category of race records.
rock ‘n’ roll
introduced in mid 1950’s and encompassed a variety of styles and artists from r&b, country, and pop music.
different forms of country and western music influenced by the rhythms of black r&b and electric blues. ex: carl perkins and young elvis presley
scat singing
technique that involves the use of nonsense syllables as a vehicle for wordless vocal improvisation.
solid-body electric guitar
electrically amplified guitar developed after WWII and first used in R&B, blues, and country bands.
song form that employs the same music for each poetic unit in the lyrics
Brill Building
Rock ‘n’ Roll’s vertical tin pan alley. home to many pop rock song writing teams during early 1960’s
concept album
album set up where the songs related to each other and were placed in a specific order.
Hitsville, USA:
Nickname of Motown Records:
founded by berry gordy jr. in detroit.
“the twist”
teen oriented rock ‘n’ roll song; twelve bar blues structure; simple hip-swiveling dance step.
“wall of sound”
term used to describe the studio production techniques of phil spector; has multiple intruments doubling each individual part in the arrangement and by using a huge amount of echo while carefully balancing the overall balance to create a “wall of sound” behind the clear vocals.
sophisticated vocal presentation and instrumental arrangement of country music.
Nashville Sound
country music style involving polished arrangements and sophisticated approach to vocal presentation.

patsy cline; most important manifestations of the nashville sound

psychedelic rock
music played by san francisco bands that encompassed variety of styles; folk rock, blues, “hard rock”, latin music, and indian classical music.
soul music
african american musical style, originated in r&b and gospel that became popular during the 1960’s.
urban folk
folk music that grew in new york folk scene during 1960’s. it included artists such as bob dylan.