solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text often found in opera and often resulting in a disjunct vocal style
five note pattern
lyric song for solo voice with orchestral accompainment gennerally expressing intense emotion.
the art of combining in a single texture two or more melodic lines
figured bass
is a notation where the composer puts a numeral abover or below the bass note indicating the chord required
interval betweeen two tones seven pitches apsrt.
is a solo song with instrumental accompainment
vocal exercise in which the sol-fa syllables are used
several movments for instrumental group and orchestra
shifting a piece of music to a different pitch level
changin one key to another
12 half steps
interval between two adjacent notes in a 12-tone scale
introductory movement as in an opera or ortario often presenting melodies from aria to come
male singer who was castrated as a boy to maintain the suprano or alto vocal register
defines the relationship of tones with a common center or tonic
# note idicating to raise the pitch by a semitone
creation of a musical composition while it is being performed seen in Baroque ornementation
virtussic solo passage in the manner of an improvisation performed near the end of an aria or a movement of a conerto
active chord
the tonic or dominant chord
chord of rest
the chord that is the start and finish to a musical piece
musical symbol indicating to lower the ptcht a semitone
text or script of an opera written by a librettist
music drama that is generally sung throughout combining the resources of vocal and instrumental music with poetry and drama acting and pntomine scenery and costumes
large scale drramatic genre orginating in the Baroque based on a text of religious or serious charater performed by solo voices similar to opera but without scenery costumes or action
Baroque suite
an array of intruments that had four dances was written in binary form or tenary form
polyphonic form popular in the Baroque in which one or more themes are developed by imitative counterpoint
study piece that focuses on a particular technical problem
Instrumental work preceding a larger work
virtuoso composition generally for organ or harpsichord in a free and rhapsodic style in the Baroque it often served as an introduction to a fugue.
sonata form
the opening movement cycle consisting of themes that are stated in the first section developed in the second section and restated in the third section
the last part of a piece usually added to a standard form to bring it to a close
thematic developement
musical expansion of a theme by varying its melodic outline
four dance movements of Baroque Suite
j.s bach
born in eisnbach germany. famous organist. belonged to the church cannata wrote the Wachet wuf in 1731. He was poor learned to play on his own had 4 kids who all grew to play and write music. He worked for multiple churces.
g.f handel
wrote vocal music call oratio. born in hale germany attended university of halle apointed conductor at age 25 wrote the Beggar’s Opera turned to ortario and wrote the messiah and judas maccabaeus.
antonio vivaldi
son of a violinist native to venice. worked at anorhangage as a music master. wrote chamber music. composer also a priest
baroque history
was known for its religious battles also known as an adventurous time. Art was mainly for the middle class and it was a time where poverty was intense and middle class or aristocrats wasted and lived in luxury.
baroque art
michealanglo was the famous artist and his art was dramatic and vigorus. Jan Vameer made the Dutch school for the middle class famous.
baroque science
was an age of disovery Galileao and Corpernicus physics and stonomists. Descartesin mathematics and spinoeza was in philosophy newtown theory gravity and william harvey explained blood cirulation
baroque religion
protestant vs catholics religious wars
1600-1750 change and adventure
baroque period