Johann Christian Bach
Considered culmination of baroque music. A pioneer of the pre-classical period
Esterhazy family
Haydn worked for the family from 1761-1790. Composed during the classical period.
Lorenzo da Ponte
He was the librettist for Don Giovanni by Mozart. Classical period.
Don Giovanni & Leporello
Don Giovanni was a Opera composed by Mozart. Don Giovanni was a seductive nobleman who slayed hella puss. Leporello was his servant. was a Dramma Giocosa meaning dramatic and funny opera. Opera seria is serious opera buffa is funny.
Ludwig von Kochel
Cataloguing the works of Mozart, K number
Christoph Gluck
Reform opera
-Better poetry
-Keeping singers in their place
-Opera composer who influenced Mozart
Jean-Baptiste Lully
Baroque, forerunner for the symphony, French overture (slow-fast)
Kaiser Franz Joseph I of Austria
String Quartet op. 76, no. 3, 2 mvt. by Haydn was birthday hymn for this guy. Currently is the german national anthem
Napoleon Bonaparte
Symphony No. 3 “Eroica (Heroic)” by Beethoven
-Inspired by Napoleon Bonaparte
-Changed its name after he found out Napoleon crowded himself king
Friedrich Schiller
Wrote the Ode de Joy text that is used during the 4th movement of Beethoven’s 9th symphony. 4th movement represents universal brotherhood.
The Erlkonig
The Erlkonig
-Art song: for solo voice and piano by Schubert
-Erlkonig means death
-Poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
-Soloist represents all four characters
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Wrote the poem that is the text for The Erlkonig by Shubert
Gabriel Faure
Romantic era composer.

-Wrote two operas and a requiem
-Les Berceaux
-Text is by Rene-Francois Sully-Prudhomme
-About boys rocking on cradles and then on boats
-Piano part is barcarole (type of song he sings to passengers)
-Sanctus from Requiem
-Roman catholic mass for the dead
-Focus on heaven, beauty of God instead of hell and damnation

Rene-Francois Sully-Prudhomme
Wrote the text for Les Berceaux by Gabriel Faure. Romantic era
Ernestine von Fricken
Carnaval by Robert Schumann was written for Ernestine von Fricken
Harriet Smithson
Symphonie fantastique by Hector Berlioz was composed for Harriet Smithson
Nicolo Paganini
Was a Romantic era violin virtuoso. He inspired Liszt.
Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst
Considered to be the successor of Paganini
Ferdinand David
He inspired Felix Mendelssohn to write a Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in E Minor
Johann Gottfried Herder
Romantic composer.

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Wrote The Voices of People in Their Songs in 1773
-Each group of people has their own characteristics
-Personhood is expressed through singing

Marius Petipa
Romantic era composer. He choreographed the Sleeping Beauty ballet by Tchaikovsky