The form of ABA is often called —, or the first movement
Sonata Allegra
The form of ABACA, ABACABA, ABABA, are all often called —, and is usually the last movement
Minuet and Trio has — form (ABA, ABACA, ABACABA, ABABA)
ABA form always has — meter
A virtuosic passage played during a solo concerto
The — was given a cast iron frame to support more tension on the strings
The piano has a combined tension of — lbs. and weighs around — lbs.
— instruments were given values or pistons
The — was invented in 1816
This composer: lived from 1770-1827; parents hoped for a prodigy; met and played for Mozart, but never studied with him; was a composer in both “Classical” & “Romantic” eras;
studied with Haydn
Ludwig Von Beethoven
This composer also: had a difficult and temperamental personality; difficult to work with; very stormy temper; kind and generous
Ludwig Von Beethoven
— introduced the new form of opera that saved it from extinction, imposed classical restraint on the music, arias and recitatives were less extreme and as natural as possible
Christoph Willibald Gluck
A summary/introduction of major work being performed
The western world finally went back to the “—” style of expressive singing
“Italian Bel Canto”
Two major forms of opera singing
Comic Opera
Opera Buffa
Type of opera that is smaller in scaled, written in vernacular, used spoken dialogue instead of recitable
Type of opera that: dialogue was set a recitative; used trained voice for the first time in effect; ensemble finale
Opera Buffa
This composer’s operas: always felt the text served the music; “Dies Irae”; dressed adult females as young boys
This composer: initially wanted to study law and go into government, but at 23 entered the music conservatory, and was appointed professor of harmony 3 years later; mostly commonly known for his ballets (Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker)
Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
This composer: is accredited with the development of the program symphony, or “Symphonie Fantastique”; Went to Paris to become a doctor, but left and entered the Paris conservatory; A reoccuring theme or melodic idea in this symphony, the “Id?e Fix”
Hector Berlioz
Changing the theme to fit the story’s mood during a piece. This increased the size of a standard orchestra to offer more — and —
Thematic Transformation
Volume .and. Colorful Sonorities
A one-movement orchestral work concieved as a kind of poetry expressed in tones instead of words (two terms)
Symphonic Poem .or. Tone Poem
The return to the classical ideals of the classical era
Absolute Music