This composer also: had a permanent orchestra & singers to work with daily; insisted that Mozart was the greatest composer who ever lived; wrote over 100 symphonies
Franz Joseph Haydn
Lived from 1756-1791; child prodigy on harpsichord, organ, and violin; Taken on concert tours by his father; Died at 35
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
This composer also: had trouble getting along with people; now lies buried in a modestly marked grave; died of rheumatic fever, a common killer of the time, and not by poison from his rival
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Early on, — were short pieces written for a small number of musicians, and now defined as a multi-movement composition for an orchestra
Symphonies or Symphony
Match the following with the terms:
1. The introduction
2. Transitional Material
3. A repeat of the —
4. An optional closing passage

A. Development B. Recapitalization C. Coda D. Exposition

1. D
2. A
3. B
4. C
This composer: developed an ear disease in his early 20’s that led to him going completely deaf; only wrote music for his own taste and never sought others’ approval; each work was a true “masterpiece”; Used forms of Mozart and Haydn, but changed them to suit his own needs
Ludwig Von Beethoven
This composer also: wrote 9 symphonies; dedicated Symphony No.3 (Eroica) to Napoleon; withdrew this dedication when Napoleon declared himself emporer
Ludwig Von Beethoven
Beethoven symphonies that were very classical in nature, very cheery, and in the style of Haydn
(Symphonies: 1-2, 3-8, 9)
Beethoven symphonies that were very moody and went from cheerful to ominous sporadically
(Symphonies: 1-2, 3-8, 9)
Beethoven symphonies that were the most “romantic” of all of his works
(Symphonies: 1-2, 3-8, 9)
Beethoven’s total anthology includes — pieces
This composer: only “Viennese” composer actually born in that city; used 18th century style of classicists, but greatly admired Beethoven’s music (He was too shy to approach the almost deaf, moody, and forbidding Beethoven for approval); wrote music to please his friends, who mostly took care of him
Franz Schubert
This composer also: died at the age of 31 and his only wish was to be buried near his idol, Beethoven; Virtually invented the art song, a concert setting of a poem
Franz Schubert
The German word for “song” is —
— – Often applied to mean German art songs