Gregorian chant
large body of unaccompanied vocal music, setting sacred lain texts, written for the Western Church over the course of 15 centuries
ordinary of the mass
chants with unvarying texts that were sung virtually every day
proper of the mass
texts changed to suit the feast day in question
religious rite?
syllabic singing
only 1 or 2 notes for each syllable of text
melismatic singing
many notes for 1 syllable
early church polyphony, new lines atop old chants as base
northern France troubadours
people have the capacity to shape their world, to create many things good and beautiful, that they are something more than a mere conduit for gifts descending from heaven.
composition for a choir, setting a lain text on a scared subject, and intended to be sung in a church or chapel, or at home in private devotion
point of imitation
distinctive motive that is sung or played in turn by each voice or instrumental line
word painting
process of depicting the text in music, be it subtly, overtly, or even jokingly, by means of expressive musical devices
a cappella
unaccompanied vocal music, originated in the expression a cappella sistina, in the Sistine chapel of the pope, where instruments were forbidden to accompany singers
popular genre of secular vocal music that originated in Italy during the renaissance, in which usually four or five voices sing love poems
device, originating in the madrigal, by w which key words in a text spark a particularly expressive musical setting
basso continuo
small ensemble of at least two instrumentalists who provide a foundation for the melody or melodies above, heard almost exclusively in baroque music
concerto grosso
3 movement concerto of the baroque era that pits sound of a small group of soloists again that of the full orchestra
full orchestra in concerto grosso
group of instruments that function as soloists in a concerto grosso
Italian word for return or refrain a short musical passage in a baroque concerto grosso invariably played by the tutti
representative style
no style just singing your heart out and showing off in opera
Gregorian chant, sung during the proper of the mass, in which a chorus and a soloist alternate
composition of 3, 4, 5 parts played or sung by voices or instruments, which begins with a presentation of a subject in imitation in each part and continues with modulating passages of free counterpoint and further appearances of the subject
principle theme in a fugue
in a fugue, opening section in which each voice in turn has the opportunity to present the subject, in sonata allegro form, the principal section , in which all thematic material is presented
passage of free, non imitative counterpoint found in a fugue
German word for the hymn of the Lutheran church, hence a simple religious melody to be sung by the congregation
“something sung” in its mature state it consists of several movements including one o more arias, ariosos, and recitatives, cantatas can be on secular subjects, but those of JS Bach are primarily sacred in content
term adopted by composers to enumerate and identify their compositions
large, independent section of a major instrumental work, such as sonata, dance suite, symphony, quartet, or concerto