A melodic or thematic idea which is played against a primary subject.
The initial presentation of the thematic material of a musical composition, movement, or section. The use of the term generally implies that the material will be developed or varied.
A passage between statements of a main subject or theme, as in a rondo or fugue.
A musical work is a composition usually in three parts or movements, in which (usually) one solo instrument (for instance, a piano or violin) is accompanied by an orchestra.
Concerto Grosso
A form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists
Self contained piece of music that is part of a larger work
A recurring passage for orchestra (or chorus) in the first or final movement of a solo concerto or aria.
Walking Bass
Bass part that moves in absolutely even notes.
Bass part that is always linked to a series of chords
Figured bass
Numerical shorthand for Continuo
Baroque music contains a lot of subtly shifting

dynamics rather than abrupt changes in volume.true or false?

Baroque rhythm often contains…
a continuous drive
Baroque melodies are often: long and complex
The most common texture for late Baroque music is:
The standard Baroque basso continuo consists of:
A harpsichord and a bass instrument
The basso continuo provides _________ in Baroque music:
A constant accompaniment
Which of these composers spent most of his career in Venice?
Antonio Vivaldi
Most composers in the Baroque Era made a living by:
Working for aristocratic patrons or the church
“Terraced dynamics” in Baroque music refers to:
Alternating between loud and soft sections
Baroque composers of instrumental music attempted to

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depict one mood, or ________, over the course of a piece.

The figured bass used by basso continuo players indicates basic chords by use of:
Players of the harpsichord are not able to make gradual changes in:
A _________ is a self-contained portion of a larger composition.
piece that features a small group of soloists pitted against a larger group of players is a:
Concerto grosso
A ritornello is a:
A ritornello is a:

Theme that returns over and over in a concerto movement

In a concerto grosso, the second movement is most often:
the quietest and most lyrical
In ritornello form:
Tutti and solo sections alternate
Polyphonic composition based on one main theme is known as a:
The structure of the Baroque concerto most often consists of __________ movements.
The subject of a fugue can be turned upside down in a procedure known as:
In many fugues, the subject in one voice is accompanied by a/n __________ in another voice.