A song for solo voice and piano based on a poem is called:
An art song
How did Copland make 20th century compotional devices more palatable to modern audiences?
He combined them with the familiar elements of jazz, hymns and folk tunes.
Which of the following were emphasized in Claude Debussy’s music?

a.  Tone color

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b.  rhythm

c.  melody

d.  form

e.  All of the above

In romantic compositions, there were many references to nautre.  What were these references symbols for?
Human emotions and events
Romantic compositions were commonly based on all of the following subject matter Except:

a.  Bible stories

b.  the supernatural

c.  the mystery of death

d.  unrequited love

e.  nature

What is a trio?
the middle section of a minuet
Which type of artists are known for expressing negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, pain, anger, isolation and tension in their works?
Who is widely regarded as the leading American composer of the 20th century?
Aaron Copland
What musical device does Stravinsky use to give his music a driving force?
Who wrote the poem for The Erlking?
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
All of the following principles were strongly championed during the Classical period except:

a.  divine right

b.  social justice

c.  equality

d.  freedom of speech

e.  liberty

What is it called when composers try to depict faraway places through music?
What musical piece caused a riot during the first performance?
The Rite of Spring
What ballet is based on a story about puppets who come to life?
Despite his interest in music, Stravinsky’s parents insisted that he study what subject in college?
During the classical period, which group of instruments was most often given the important musical material in a symphony?
the strings
What dance movements were later incorporated into the symphony as the third movement?
the minuet
Who popularized the minuet?
King Louis XIV
Which of the following is true?

a.  Debussy chose chords primarily for their function rather than their sound.

b.  Debussy chose chords primarily for their sound rather than their function.

What is a percussive orchestra?
A technique whereby the composer requires normally melodic insturments to play with strong, irregular accents and jabbing sounds.
Which musical piece is about a pagan ritual in which a young girl dances herself to death as a sacrifice?
The Rite of Spring
Who was a leading composer of art songs?
Franz Schubert
During which part of a sonata form are the two main themes introduced?
The minuet is:
A dance in triple meter performed at a moderate tempo.
A dissonant chord in which two triads are combined together is called a:
What musical piece is based on a story about the joys and anxieties of pioneer life?
Appalachian Spring
What was Stravinsky’s father’s occupation?
opera singer
In the art song how important was the piano part?
equal in importance to the vocal part
During which section of a sonata form will there be many modulations?
the development
What tempo best describes the movements of a symphony?
fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast
What best describes the rhythm in Debussy’s music?
vague and unmetered with no strong sense of pulse
Composers of the 20th century used all of the following tecniques to avoid “tyranny of the barline” EXCEPT:

a.  using an irregular pattern of rhythm after a regular one has been established

b.  use of silences on downbeats

c.  displacing the downbeath with syncopation

d.  maintaining a regular beat in one part and a conflicting beat in another

e.  accents on the downbeats

Which type of artists used harsh, ugly sounds and distorted images to make their point?
What is the story of The Erkling about?
a man whose child dies
A modified version of a theme is called a(n):
According to Germany mythology, what is The Erkling?
King of the elves and the representative of death
In the twelve-tone system of composition:
all of the pitches are of equal importance
Who was the great Russian impresario who hired Stravinsky to orchestrate a piece of music for the Russian ballet?
Sergei Diaghilev
Which Stravinsky work is about an evil, green-taloned Kasckai who turns any man who enters his garden into stone?
The Firebird
Where does the closing section occur in a sonata form?
At the end of the exposition.
The term “form” refers to:
The general principles which govern the structural design of a composition.
During the recapitulation:
there are no modulations.
Who was a leading composer of impressionist music?
Claude Debussy
Appalachian Spring was written for what dancer?
Martha Graham
Which art movements looked to non-Western cultures for inspiration?
Which of the following does Stravinsky use to avoid tyranny of the barline?

a.  irregular accents

b.  syncopation

c.  frequent changes of meter

d.  all of the above

What word means “tail” in Italian and is the final finale section at the end of a sonata form?
In a minuet and trio, which is usually repeated?
the minuet
During what section of a sonata form is harmonic stability restored and a gradual return to the home key is made?
the retransition
What was the name of Stravinsky’s first full ballet score?
The Firebird
How long did it take to prepare The Rite of Spring for performance?
2 years
A vocal technique in which the pitches of the notes are only approximately notated but the rhythm is precisely notated is called:
During which section do the themes in a sonata form undergo a transformation?
the development
Which two sections of a sonata form are almost identical?
the exposition and the recapitulation
The letters A-B-A identify a composition in:
ternary form
The connecting passage that leads from the first theme to the second theme in a sonata form is called a:
Vocalists used all the following techniques to differentiate between characters in an art song EXCEPT:

a.  voice inflection

b.  volume

c.  voice range

d.  masks and other props

Why did Copland change his style in the late 1930’s?
He wanted his music to appeal to a wider audience.
Which of the following were de-emphasized in Debussy’s music?

a.  rhythm

b.  melody

c.  form

d.  functional harmony

e.  all of the above

Which composer was a leader of the expressionist movement?
Arnold Schoenberg
All of the following are characterstics of Romantic art EXCEPT:

a.  dramatic

b.  focus on balance, proportion and symmetry

c.  may be ugly, ghastly or grotesque

d.  not timeless or universal

e.  focus on emotion rather than structure or processes

All of the following are Classical ideals EXCEPT:

a.  simplicity

b.  balance

c.  extreme expression of emotion

d.  order

e.  clarity of design

Which type of artist’s promoted the “aesthetic of the ugly?”
Which of the following describes Debussy’s melodies?

a.  short melodic fragments

b.  long, meandering lines with no sense of direction

c.  symmetrical melodies with a clear sense of direction

d.  all of the above

e.  A and B

What is an example of Primitivism?
The Rite of Spring
What musical piece is an example of expressionist music?
Pierrot Lunaire
What is an example of Impressionist music?
Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
A virtuosic soung in which the character expresses his or her feelings is called:
an aria
Arias have all the following characteristics EXCEPT:

a.  clear meter

b.  rhyming lines organized into stanzas

c.  very songlike

d.  accompanied by just the basso continuo

e.  expression of the character’s feelings

A cross between a recitative and an aria is called:
an ariosa
A dazzling technical passage designed to show off the performer’s skills is called a:
A cadenza is usually heard at the beginning of a movement.

a.  true

b.  false

During the Baroque priod, composers selected a series of chords that would mesh with the melody line.  This series of chords was called:
a chord progression
During the Baroque period, composers became much more concerned with the chords that were formed when the musical lines sounded together.

a.  true

b.  false

What is a concertino?
the name given to a group of soloists in a concerto grosso.
A piece of music for instrumental soloist and orchestra is called a:
Concerto grossos alternate between sections for the soloist and sections for the full orchestra.

a.  true

b.  false

All of the following were used as continuo instruments except:

a.  harpsichord

b.  organ

c.  clavier

d.  clarinet

e.  lute

Declamatory singing is the same thing as:
Fast movements frequently have a free, improvisatory quality to them with no clear pulse or downbeat.

a.  true

b.  false

The name of the organization that explored how Greek ideals could be applied to modern music was called:
The Florentine Camerata
What is it called when only a portion of a melody is repeated?
What does the term “functional harmony” mean?

a.  That each chord has a particular role to play.

b.  One chord naturally leaqds to another.

c.  Chords are carefully chosen so that they move naturally towards a cadence.

d.  All of the above.

e.  None of the above.

During the Baroque period, the ideal sound was a florid (ornamented, decorated) melody line supported by a solid bass line.

a.  true

b.  false

Writing music that is specifically designed to showcase a particular instrument is called:
idiomatic writing
During the Baroque period, composers placed a great deal of emphasis on making all voice parts equal.

a.  true

b. false

The text of an opera is called a(n):
During the Baroque period, composers used the major and minor modes almost exclusively.

a.  true

b.  false

When a composer adds embellishments to the final section of a da capo aria to make it more interesting, this is called a:
modified da capo aria
In Baroque instrumental music, many different moods were commonly expressed in a single movement.

a.  true

b.  false

In vocal music, it was common to change moods frequently.

a.  true

b.  false

A distinct musical figure which is often a part of a melody is called:
a motive
What is “motoristic” rhythm?
A rhythm with a steady, predictable pulse and regular downbeat.
Concertos usually have ______ movements.
Why did Baroque musicians believe that ancient Greek music was essentially dramatic in nature?
Because the music was often performed in conjunction with Greek plays.
In what ways do oratorios differ from operas?

a.  There are no costumes or scenery.

b.  They are not acted out.

c.  They are always religious in nature.

d.  All of the above.

e.  None of the above.

A cross between speaking and singing where there is no clear pulse is called:
Baroque melodies are frequently repeated throughout the composition.

a.  true

b.  false

The presentation of the main melody or theme by the full orchestra is called a:
What is the difference between a solo concerto and a concerto grosso?
A concerto grosso has more soloists.
A piece of music for instrumental soloist and keyboard accompanist is called:
a sonata
Vicenzo Galileo felt that vocal music should emulate:
In Baroque music, a sustaining instrument was often used to double the lowest notes played by the left hand of the keyboardist.  Which instrument was most commonly used for this purpose?
A member of the viol family (predecessors to the cello and double-bass)
Which of the following represents ternary form?
Abrupt changes between loud and soft are called:
terraced dynamics
Vincenzo Galileo discovered that the music of the ancient Greeks was:
The parts of a concerto where the full orchestra plays are called ________sections.