Benny Goodman
first to popularize swing, played on Radio Show called “Let’s Dance”, led various groups, swing clarinet
Fletcher Henderson
arranged Goodman’s bands, known for 1938 Carnegie Hall concert
Gene Krupa
first great drum soloist, played in Benny Goodman Trio/Quartet
Teddy Wilson
played piano in Benny Goodman Trio/Quartet
John Hammond
wealthy patron of non-Classical music, performed “From Spirituals to Spring”
Count Basie
most famous Midwest band, led by Benny Muten, first great Jazz rhythm section, played “One O’clock Jump”, Count Basie played piano
Freddie Green
Count Basie guitar
Jo Jones
Count Basie drums
Walter Page
Count Basie walking bass
Lester Young
one of swing era’s best tenor saxophone soloists, “Father of the Cool”
Duke Ellington
2nd great composer/arranger in Jazz History, played piano, blended instruments
Cootie WIlliams
played trumpet for Duke Ellington, master of plunger mute
Johnny Hodges
played alto sax for Ellington, slid from note to note
Glenn Miller
played trombone, “pop” rather than swing, popular after WWII
Billie Holiday
greatest swing jazz singer, made songs personal with lyrics not voice
Frank Sinatra
1st superstar in pop history, sung with Harry James’ and Tommy Dorsey’s Bands
Tommy Dorsey
played trombone without breathing, model of endurance for Sinatra
Art Tatum
nearly-blind pianist, very fast, made own category: Bebop
Dizzy Gillespie
3rd great player in Jazz lineage, able to play higher and faster, inventor of Bebop
Charlie Parker
alto saxophone, 2nd genius in Jazz history, most influential Bebop player
Kenny Clarke
drums, innovator in Bebop
Max Roach
drums in “Koko”, part of best classic Bebop rhythm sections
Bud Powell
best and most influential Bebop pianist, influenced by Tatum & Parker, shell voice
Thelonious Monk
highly original style of piano, pioneered shell voicing, bending notes
George Ira Gershwin
one of greatest songwriting teams in history