Handel’s dates are:

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A. 1683-1764

B. 1685-1750

C. 1685-1759*

D. 1685-1757

Roman numerals with Arabic numbers under a bass line outlined the chord spacing for the continuo player who improvised their part.; This practice is called:

A. Basso seguente

B. Charting

C. Figured Bass*

D. Chaonne

The dates of Johann Sebastian Bach are:

A. 1683-1764

B. 1685-1750*

C. 1685-1759

D. 1685-1757

Jean-Philippe Rameau described his approach to composing music is his writing of 1722 entitled:

A. L’Harmonique

B. Les Indes Galante

C. Treatise of Harmonie*

D. Tragedies lyrique

Select the definition for French Overture invented by Lully:

A. A series of dance movements

B. A motive is subjected to counterpoint with two sections called the exposition followed by a section with a series of episodes

C. A slow opening homophonic section marked by dotted rhythms is followed by a fast polyphonic section which is sometimes fugal or fuge-like*

D. A ground bass is used for a series of variations

The group in Florence, Italy headed by Mei and Galilei that began an aesthetic movement, using Greek traggedy as a model to help create recitative and opera is called:

A. Mei’s men

B. The Florentine Camerata*

C. The Roman See

D. Transalpini Grupo

The Concerto Medium was the practice of writing:

A. A solo part accompanied by continuo

B. Added ornamentation in the da capo

C. Separate parts for voices and instruments*

D. A sectional contrapuntal piece

When a composer sets out to write for a specific instrument and is sensitive to its technical playing needs, it is called:

A. Instrumentation

B. Scoring

C. Idiomatic*

D. Orchestration

The;hymn tunes used in Germany in choral forms are called:

A. Lieder

B. Chorales*

C. Choruses

D. Strophic hyms

The members of this instrumental family became the favored instrument in Italy during the Baroque era:

A. Strings*

B. Brass

C. Woodwinds

D. Percussion

Monteverdi’s earliest opera, which is considered the first true modern opera, is entitled:

A. L’Coronazione di Poppea

B. Dido and Aereus

C. Eurydice

D. L’Orfeo*

The practice and style of a solo voice or instrument with accompaniment by a lute or keyboard instrument and a brass instrument developed at Florence is called:

A. Madrigal

B. Basso Continuo*

C. Concertato

D. Concerto

This was the systemized application of various emotions and passions of the soul for music in each movement of a piece that composers used during the Baroque period.  Different key areas and intervals were used as symbols for emotion.

A. Affections*

B. Agrements

C. Arioso

D. Bel canto

This was the transitional composer from the Renaissance to the Baroque since he composed the first modern opera which premiered in Mantova.

A. Corelli

B. Monteverdi*

C. Peri

D. Scarlatti

The word _________ generally means “overly ornamented, distorted, bizzare, or eccentric” in decorative or musical style.

A. Classical

B. Stile antico

C. Concertato

D. Baroque*

The greatest harpsichord composer and player of the French harpsichord school was:

A. Couperin*

B. Lully

C. Marais

D. Rameau

This German composer who studied in Venice took the Baroque style back home, applying his new style to Lutheran church music.  He is therefore considered the first German Baroque composer. 

A. Buxtehude

B. Schein

C. Schutz*

D. Pachelbel

What was the main genre of pieces Antonio Vivaldi composed?

A. choral pieces

B. concertos*

C. keyboard music

D. Masses

The composers in this country are credited with establishing the characteristic style and idiom of each of the dance movements in suites.

A. Germans

B. Italians

C. French*

D. English

Baroque operas drew their plots from:

A. Ancient Greek and Roman myths*

B. Celtic myths

C. Nordic myths

D. Old Testament stories

How would you describe a fugue?

A. a series of dance movements

B. a motive called the subject is presented in counterpoint with two sections called the exposition, followed by a section with a series of episodese ending with a final statement of the subject in each “voice”*

C. a slow opening homophonic section marked by dotted rhythms is followed by a fast polyphonic section which is sometimes fugal

D. A ground bass is used for a series of variations

J.S. Bach composed in every musical medium available to him except:

A. concerto

B. suite

C. French Overture

D. Opera*

What was one of the elements for communication, specifically a Baroque term, J.S. Bach built into his music?

A. Affections*

B. impressions

C. programs

D. word painting

Monteverdi was the first Italian composer to use ground bass patterns in composition.  These patterns are called:

A. fuga & ricercar

B. chaconne & passacaglia*

The trio sonata, concerto, and sequence were established in the work of:

A. Monteverdi

B. Corelli*

C. Manfredini

D. Peri

This composer wrote the first best-known English opera and is the most important English composer of all time because he defined an “English sound” (according to Benjamin Britten).

A. Blow

B. Handel

C. Purcell*

D. Tallis

In Rameau’s approach to writing music, he began with the:

A. melody

B. bass line and then the harmonic progression*

C. harmonies

D. theme

Handel intended his oratorios as:

A. sacred music for church

B. concert music for closed opera houses during Lent and Advent (penitential seasons)*

In Florence during the high Renaissance, opera had a “boost” in development in:

A. court extravaganzas and intermedii*

B. Street songs

C. madrigals

D. secular cantatas

The two most important Italian cities for laying foundations for Baroque style were:

A. Milan and Rome

B. Venice and Florence*

C. Mantova and Vicenza

D. Napols and Trieste

You have been taken back in time to the palace of Versailles during the reign of King Louis XIV. A chamber orchestra plays a series of dance movements by Lully while you enjoy some strong coffee from the New World and visit with friends. The form of music is a:

A. trio sonata

B. concerto grosso

C. suite*

D. fugue

You have entered a church on Good Friday. A piece of music is presented with choir, orchestra, and soloists including a narator called “the Evangelist.” The choir functions as the turba in one particular scene. The form of music;is a(n):

A. Cantata

B. passion*

C. oratorio

D. opera

You are visiting San Marco in Venice on a Sunday evening for a worship service called Vespers. Instrumentalists and choirs with soloist;are stationed in the balconies above the altar area acoss from each other. Music is performed before and during the service based on Psalms which includes all of the performers. The type of music you are experiencing is generally called:

A. Concertato*

B. sonata da chiesa

C. concerto grosso

D. solo concerto

You are attending a Lutheran church on a Sunday in Germany. In the middle of the service after the Gospel reading, you hear a choral piece in five or seven movements for choir, soloists, and orhestra with continuo based on the Gospel reading for the day. The congregation sings the closing choral wih the performers during Communion. The form of music is a(n):

A. Cantata*

B. passion

C. oratorio

D. opera

As a French gentlelady or gentleman in the early 18th century, your numerous servants have dressed you for a special evening out. You find your place in a box above where you can display your grandeur of personage. During the performance, you hear and behold a great spectacle on stage with sets and characters in galant costumes. The orchestra accompanying the singers is in a pit in front of the stage below. You are experiencing a night at the:

A. Oratorio

B. Vaudeville

C. Opera*

D. Theatre

You are visiting Berlin where the great Brandenburg gates attract tourists from all over the world.;You attend a concert in a Baroque palace.;In the concert, the first piece on the program features the chamber orchestra alternating with a small group of soloists called the concertino. You are listening to a:

A. concertato

B. sonata da chiesa

C. concerto grosso*

D. solo concerto

You are in Rome on Christmas Eve in St. John Lateran church. You have arrived early to get a good seat and a chamber orchestra of strings plays a prelude before the service by Corelli with organ continuo. The form of music you hear performed is a:

A. trio sonata

B. sonata da camera

C. sonata da chiesa*

D. fugue

You are in Germany and are attending a concert in a palace in the evening. Soloists including a soproano, tenor, and bass, accompanied by basso continuo. The music tells a story about a girl addicted to coffee by J.S. Bach. You are listening to a(n):

A. oratorio

B. passion

C. secular cantata*

D. church cantata

You are in Venice for a concert in a local church on an afternoon. The program features music by Vivaldi performed by his school orchestra of children. The chamber orchestra alternates with him as the solo violinnist, and there’s even peotry printed in the program describing the meaning of the music for each section written by the composer. You are experiencing a:

A. concertato

B. sonata da chiesa

C. concerto grosso

D. solo concerto*

Style Recitativo
Text dominates the music
Stile Antico/Prima Prattica
Music dominates the text 
Recitativo accompagnetto
The full orchestra accompanies the recitative
Stile Moderno/Seconda Prattica
The singing style of moving through text rapidly for dialogue or narration
Recitativo seco (dry)
Unaccompanied recitative (B.C. only)
Basso continuo
The combination of a bass instrument and chordal instrument
A series of dance movements

For the list of musical forms, specify vocal forms with a “V” and instrumental forms with an “I”:

1. Toccata

2. variations 

3. grand concerto

1. Instrumental

2. Instrumental

3. Instrumental

For the list of musical forms, specify vocal forms with a “V” and instrumental forms with an “I”:

1. Canzona

2. oratorio

3. ricercar

1. Instrumental

2. Vocal

3. Instrumental

For the list of musical forms, specify vocal forms with a “V” and instrumental forms with an “I”:

1. Sonata

2. fantasia

3. contata

1. Vocal

2. Instrumental

3. Vocal

For the list of musical characteristics, significant developments in musical forms, and historical significance, check those which apply to Arcangelo Corelli:

A. Fugue-No

B. the beginning of violin-No

C. Opera-Yes

D. development of trio sonata-Yes

For the list of musical characteristics, significant developments in musical forms, and historical significance, check those which apply to Arcangelo Corelli:

A. Sonata da camera and chiesa-Yes

B. development of sequence-Yes

C. Concerto-Yes

D. Melodies inspired by opera-Yes

Name two significant choral pieces by J.S. Bach

Christmas Choral: Wir Christenleut

Christ lag in Todesbanden

Name two oratorios of Handel
Messisah and Alexander’s Feast
Why did J.S. Bach compose so many cantatas?
Bach wrote so many cantatas because he wrote cantatas for every position he held and when he worked at Leipzig, he was expected to produce about 60 cantatas a year
Julius Ceasar
Vingt-cinqueieme ordre
The Seasons
Brqandenburg Concerti
J.S. Bach
Wachet auf, ruft uns die stimme
J.S. Bach
Christmas Concerto Op. 8
Dido and Aeneus
Grand Concerto: Saul, was verfolgst du mich?
Wohl-Tempered Klavier
J.S. Bach
The Fairy Queen
La Incoronazione di Poppea