Poor Blues
Form: ABA
Artist: Lazy Bill Lucas (it was a trio, and Bill played the guitar and drums)
Evokes sympathy for poor boy- can’t read, no dad, no mom, never got a toy from Santa
Blues: Truth Telling; autobiography
-Work Song: Call & Response coordinated by ax strokes on a tree
-Beat and meter are produced by the Axe which made timing crucial
-When singing, there were up to 10 inmates to one tree, it was faster and more efficient.
Amazing Grace
-Opposite of syllabic: melismatic= there is more than one note per syllable
-difficult to predict or anticipate where the song is going
-Timbre is smooth and raspy
-Free Rhythm; No Meter
Ewe People
-Agbekor is exclusive to these people
-Used this to intimidate opposing armies and prepare for war
-Used this at funerals too
-Now Live in Ghana
-Undergo extensive training relying on imitating ability
-Eyes, ears and memory; they practice in seclusion for one year
-To the Shona people- oldest and most important
-Played for Chaminuka: Spirit who protects all Shona
-Title- Cutting Branches for shelter(from war)
-Uses the mbira- the thumb piano of the Shona
-2 imbiras and rattle
-Lead drumming is polyrythmic
-made because of rattles, bells, axatse, drums, singing
-uses call and response
-has its own drum language- “Secret Text… makes it valuable to the Agbekor society and ancestors
-Meanings: Enjoying life; “clear life: battle is over”, great oath(for fighting for their people)
-Use the Kora
-Griots(experts in speech & singing & instruments
-Gambian leaders are being praised
-Shows a mix of several styles of verbal presentation in 1 performance
-New Song= Nuera Cancion
– Chorus= Che Guavara run for your life
-Sesquialtera Rhythm- 3/4 and 6/8 time coexist
-Translates- aberition
-Uses counterpoint (combining two or more melodic parts)
Muyu Muyari Warmigu
-Means “Return Dear Woman”
-Isorhythm- rhythm repeated continuously (Same Rhythm)
-Expresses affection for the woman
-Type= San Juan
-Isorhythm from the Kora (harp)
Azucar de Cana
-The Soul of Afro-Peru Music
-expresses flirtation and eroticism
-uses the quijada
-sugar cane popular harvested crop in this location/culture
-more similar to classical than pop music because it embraces pointilism and can be written
Nueva Cancion
-New Song- political movement w/songs that stand up against opression of totalitarian government
-Happened in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay in the 50’s and 60’s
Noise, disordered sound
Gambian xylophone
Drum Language
-vernacular meaning of a drum phase
Ewe word meaning:
-Self display, looking good, bluffing
-Present figure of music and dance
-Dried gourd covered with net strung with seeds
Gung Gong
-Cylindrical carved drum with a snare on each of its two drum heads
-21 stringed bridge harp
-ritual communication to the spirit world including drinks & speech
-a DRAGBAMBA artist and the name of the drum he plays; also a genealogist, cultural expert and royal counselor
-Simultaneous presence of different structures of music.
-Temporal organization i.e. time or beat
Derogatory term placing an ethnic group at an early stage of technology or cultural development
Semi-arid zone of ancient Arabs known as the southern coast of the sand sea where Sudan begins.
Work Music
-Uplifting music for workers to coordinate & maintain task
-Double headed drum held between knees; traditional genre of music in sesquilitera meter for Africans of Chota river valley of Northern Equador
-combining 2 or more melodic parts
-A comparison of 2 analogous things that emphasizes meaning
-Organization of whole and half steps in an octave (D to d= Dorian mode)
-Ceremonial panpipe of plateau of Bolivia/Peru
-from Bolivian flower “Kantuta”
-Spanish word “canto” (song)
Andean vertically notched flute
Percussion instrument of Peru; jawbone of cow with loose molars
San Juan
Musical fest for St. John the Baptist or the dance performed at the festival
Sesquialtera Metrical Rhythm
3/4 or 6/8 rhythm simultaneous or alternatively (Muyu Muyari)
Panpipes in Andean south America that have two pipes with different sounds