Aria B
A vocal number sung or as a duet with orchestra in work such as an opera, oratorio, or vocal cantata
Arioso B
A cross between the declamatory style of recitative and the lyric style called “aria”.
Castrato B
A male singer who was castrated before puberty in order to maintain a soprano
Basso Continuo Group B
Continuous Bass
Baroque B
Comes from the Portuguese language, “barroco” refers to a pearl of irregular shape.
Concerto Principal B
Calls for the composers to diverse musical forces, such as choruses combines with an ensemble of brasses in the same piece. toward a common purpose, as opposed to one basic timbre, most often human voices.
Doctrine of Affections B
Is one aesthetic ideal that draws on the notion that the arts should move the emotions, so the artist
Concerto B
Means “to contend”, its is an instrumental work for soloist or groups of soloist and orchestras.
Concerto Grosso B
Means “large concerto”; it is an instrumental work that requires many solo instrumentalist rather than just one, and orchestra
Counter Subject B
A distinctive polyphonic line that recurrently accompanies the subject of a fugue in another voice.
Exposition B
The first section of a fugue (or a sonata-form first movement)
Episode B
Diversionary music in a fugue that often appears to wander, since all the melodic lines start to move freely and the tonality constantly modulates
Fort spinning B
Means “forward spinning”; a motivic technique that makes the melody of a work seem almost endless just as one instrumentalist melodic
Fugue B
A polyphonic composition for an established number of voices, built on a single principal theme called the subject, since all the parts are based on the same material
Monody B
Dramatic vocal music for solo voice with basso continuo accompaniment
Movement B
Term used for a large, self contained section within a larger work, such as a concerto
Opera B
A dramatic work of art presented in music: thought of initially as a string of musical works performed one right after another which, taken together, tell a complete story
Oratorio B
A large scale composition for soloist, chorus, and orchestra that tells a story, much like an opera
Vocal Cantata B
A sizable work for small orchestras, chorus, and either sacred or secular.
Passigo B
An ornament comprised of quick runs up and down scales, often heard during the singing of Baroque Opera
Trillo B
When the same note is sung over and over in rapid succession, a Baroque style ornament
Program Music B
Instrumental music associates with and extra-musical idea or story
Recitative Form B
Speech like singing
Ritornello Form B
A Baroque form that utilizes the recurrences of ritornello theme: the orchestral material that is introduced at the beginning of a movement of a work such as a concerto
Classical C
Relating to or belonging to the ancient Greeks and Romans or their cultures: a term that implies a model of excellence to be emulated
Arpeggio C
A cord that is played one note after another in succession, each other ascending or descending, rather than simultaneously
Cadence Theme C
Closing material that is usually less distinct other themes in a piece: sometimes consisting of only descending scales or chords.
Bridge C
A transitional passage: in sonata form, a modulating passage that moves from the tonic key to a second key, connecting to the main themes
Coda C
Means “tail”; a musical section placed the end of a piece or movement
DiCappo Aria C
An Aria in ABA form, which results from he opening A section sung da capo at the end
Development C
The practice of manipulating themes and motives in various ways
Exposition C
The first section of a fugue or a sonata-form movement
Fermata C
A cession of counting; to hold a note or chord longer than the noted time value
Gallant Style C
A detached emotional music style favored in the in the enlightenment, that looks outward to society and is anxious to please.
Hammer strokes C
Loud typically began an overture.
Intermezzo C
A relatively short piece of music that is performed between longer movements of an extended composition such as an opera
Introduction C
A musical section added to the beginning of a piece or a movement that does not represent part of the described form such as sonata form
Recapitulation C
The last section of a sonata-form movement in which all of the thematic material of the exposition returns in their original order.
Sonata C
A multimovement work for one or more instruments; at least one is in sonata form.
Symphony C
A genre usually having these characteristics
-instruments only
-lofty musical ambition
-abstract subject
-concrete story lines
Binary Form C
A two-part musical form with different sections indicated: AB
Theme and Variations C
A form that consists of a theme followed by a series of variations on it
Hemiola C
Rhythms that work at cross purposes with the prevailing meter; a rhythmic alteration of two notes in the place of three notes in the place of two