The simplest texture; unaccompanied melody. Ex. Gregorian Chant
Gregorian Chant; monophonic. Official music f the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages (p. 59)
Determined by the different tonic pitches. (p. 33)
(Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian).
reciting tone
In Gregorian recitation, the pitch at which the text is sung. (p. 61)
One of the simplest genres of plainchant (p. 62)
Plainchant genre more elaborate than the antiphon. A series of short tunes sung twice with some variation and an extra unit at the end. (A A’ B B’….N)
Qur’anic recitation
Distinguished from all types of secular music making. Thought of as reading the sacred text aloud. (p. 73)
The best know type of Islamic chant is the singing of the azan. Employs a style related to recitation. Call to worship. (p. 74)
mele pule
Hawai’ian prayer songs. Sought to bring to life images of their gods. (p. 74)
Two or more melodies played or sung simultaneously. (p. 29)
Earliest type of polyphony. Traditional plainchant melody plus another melody in counterpoint. (p. 67)
Ars nova
“new art”. Motet became more intricate mainly in the area of rhythm. (p.70)
Upper lines of organum now given their own text. (p. 70)
Technique of writing successive lengthy passages in identical rhythms but with distinct melodies. (p. 72)
isorhytmnic motets
Motets that employ the technique of isorhythms. (p. 72)
Fast echoes between the soprano and alto. (p. 72)
Only one melody of real interest and it is combined with other sounds. (p. 29)
Most tuneful plainchant genre. Short tune is sung through many stanzas followed by an Amen. (p. 78)
An opera on a religious subject. (p. 160)
The technique of declaiming words musically in a heightened, theatrical manner. (p.101)
An extended piece for solo singer that has much more musical elaboration and coherence than a passage of recitative. (p. 102)
church cantata
A piece of moderate length for voices and instruments. Words addressed the religious content of the day in question. (p. 164)