Gregorian Chant
a vast body of monophonic religious music setting latin texts and intended for use in the Roman Catholic Church;
the music sung daily at the eight canonical hours of prayer and at mass.
Psalm Tone
eight simple repeating patterns to which psalms were chanted. the tenor tone?
the canticle of Mary, from the gospel of Luke, sung at Vespers, sung like a psalm but more ornate
Ordinary of the Mass
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei; the mass sung almost every day of the year
Syllabic Chant
one note for each syllable of the chant
Neumatic Chant
three, four, or five notes for each syllable of the chant
Melismatic Chant
many notes for each syllable of the chant; Matins, Vespers and the Mass have the most Melismatic Chants
Church Modes
the eight melodic patterns into which the medieval theorists categorized the chants of the church; the principal modes are Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, and Mixolydian.
Guidonian Hand
Guido of Arezzo’s way of teaching the Guidonian scale by using the left hand.