Middle Ages
590-1450
The Liturgy
the patterns of worship service
divine office

service, all sung

 

-matins, lauds, vespers, complive

Hire a custom writer who has experience.
It's time for you to submit amazing papers!


order now

-prime, sext, terce, none

Mass components

-proper

-ordinary

within ordinary

kyrie-mercy

gloria- glory

credo- believe in one god

sanctus- holy

agnus dei- lamb of God

“Gregorian” chant

plain chant or plainsong

 

named after pope Gregory who gave the gift of song.

performance styles of chant

direct- all together now

responsorial- lead vocalist and choral response

antiphonal- two seperate alternation choral groups

chant
Plainsong.  liited range of pitches repetitively
organum

medieval polyphony most often based on a canuts firmus

 

imitative polyphony

cantus firmus

preexistent melody used as the basis of a new polyphonic composition.

 

fixed song

mass

the most important service

 

derives from commemoration of the Last Supper

 

divided into spoken and sung parts and the Proper and Ordinary.

 

Sung Proper- Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertory, Communion

 

Sung Ordinary- Kyrie, gloria, credo, sanctus, Agnus Dei, Ite missa est

 

Proper changes, Ordinary doesn’t

motet

Tenor has the cantus firmus that is the foundation for the composition.

;

polyphonic setting of a sacred Latin text.

chanson

Song.

;

Music and poetry cultivated by all classes of society

;

the troubadour

rondeau

fixed form

;

ABaAabAB

madrigal

Italian poetic and musical form

;

usually pastoral in theme

;

aba bcb dd, abb cdd ee are typical rhyme schemes

polyphony
defines western music
Leonin and Perotin

Perotin student of Leonin

;

They wrote Polyphonic stuff at Notre Dame

The Early Polyphonic Mass

-mass ordinary

-Latin v Vernacular

-Early masses based on Gregorian Chant

-Later Masses incorporated secular tunes

Guillaume Dufay
Wrote Secular;Polyphonic masses
Secular Music in the Middle Ages

Guillaume de Machaut

used the Chanson

started during the Ars Nova period, or New Art period

;

;forms?

;

ballade aabc

virelai AbbaA

Rondeau ABaAabAB