Bali
Form in Raga Performance
Cosmology
Sam
Strongest beat, the downbeat, in Tala
Tabla
Set of two drums
Played with hands
Many types of sounds possible from each drum
Ravi Shankar
Bhangra
Ethnography
Face-to-Face interaction, descriptive details
Diffusionism
A certain trait originates in one location and then spreads outward from that location
Tried to describe spread of practice
Seamus Ennis
Musician, composer, music collector, and important preserver of Irish Traditional Music in the 20th century.
Most well-known as a piper, but also sang
Java
Interdependence in music
Wayang Kulit
Ramayana
Raga
Complete and self-contained melodic system
Set of pitches
Ornaments and melodic moves
Rules and procedures for dealing with notes and ornaments
Virtuoso
Folk Music
Music made by amateurs for their own community use
Not for making music
Usually learned through oral tradition and passed down from one generation to the next
Fieldwork
Immersion, field notes
Cultural Evolutionism
Ceili
Irish Dance Rhythms
Typical form for traditional Irish dance music is AAAB
Metric
Highly Repetitive
Usually without voice
Highly ornamented melodies
Performed at ceilis and sessions
Traditional-Neo-Traditional-Post-Traditional
Gamelan Beleganjur
“Ombak”/Paired tuning
Reyong
Tala
Rhythmic framework in Hindustani music
Metric cycle of a certain number of beats
Includes strong and weak beats
Basic beat embellished by sitar and tabla players
Improvisation
Pop Music
Music made by professionals for the enjoyment of others
Meant to have mass appeal
Intended to make money for the performer/composer/producer
Tradition of sound recordings may be involved
Theory
Structural-Functionalism
Binary Form
Fleadhs
A competition
Gamelan
Fusion
Kecak
Sitar
Plucked string-instrument
Primarily melody instrument
Melody strings and sympathetic resonance strings
Gharana
Microtones
Art Music
Music made by professionals for others to enjoy
Intellectual stimulation and expression
Not solely for making money, though expenses are involved due to professional performers
Often includes written notation and/or explicit theory
High level of specialized training
Assumption
Indonesia
Medley
Tinwhistle
Hindustani
Bollywood
Gong
Tambura
Plucked string instrument
Plays drone (repeated note or chord)
Often replaced by modern sruti box
Guru
Qawwali
India
Ireland
Island settled by Celtic tribe approximately 4-5 century BCE
Importance of diaspora to preservation of Irish traditional music
Uilleann pipes
Bodhran