Four people
End Person
Person on the right or left edge of a block. Also called “guide”
Whistle Commands
Signals the beginning and end to a particular manuver
Sling Drum
Carried on the leg with a strap. can only be played in traditional position.
Tenor Drum
No snares. All need to be tuned
Leg snaps from attention and tow is parallel to the ground
Used by the military drum majors to keep the beat and also gives the drum major the solo.
Drum Major
On the field at all times in Military bands. Also can perform at the same time if there are multiple drum majors.
Flags (military)
Does not usually have a routine unless not moving (military)
Baton twirlers. Can perform but usually just end guides.
Contains everyone but oboe, bassoon, and pit. They only use regular concert horn instead of mellophone. Percussion limitied.
What are the 3 roles of the marching band in today’s schools?
Campus, Community, and Student (Educational)
Big 10 Style
1. Crowd-Oriented
2. as much effort into pre-game show as half-time show
3. Pre-game heavily influenced by military
4. Music choices for half-time mostly popular and patriotic
5. Recognizable shapes for drill patterns (letters, words, picture)
Corps Style
1. Focused on jalf-time show for competition
2. Influenced heavily by DCI trends
3. Music choices include classical, Broadway, rock, jazz; customized arrangements
4. Abstract drill that pushes physical capabilities of all performers
5. Extremely large percussion section
6. Very large role in color guard involving tap, jazz, ballet and extensive range of props
7. Moderate to featured roles for woodwinds; top groups feature best sections and soloists; may use limited electronics and amplification
8. Usiforms usually very individualistic.
1. Crowd and member oriented
2. Both half-time and pre-game importatnt but emphasis is on half-time show.
3. Music choices mostly popular with emphasis on jazz, funk, and rock
4. Simpler shapes for drill, usually symmetrical but moderate movement involved
4. Simpler shapes for drill, usually symmetrical but moderate movement involved
5. May have traditional percussion section or may have some pit; drums carried traditionally or may be on harness.
6. Visual apects more involved with majorettes and dancers; all member expected to have body movement.
7. Traditional marching band scoring; lot of tuut; intonation and tone usually not at an excellent level
8. Uniforms usually a blend of military and modern.
1. Tradition-oriented to school, repitoire, and uniforms.
2. Emphasis on both pre-game and jalf-time with similar shows.
3. Music choices limited marches and fanfares with little customizing.
4. Traditional drills with llittle changing the last 70 years.
5. Very traditional percussion sections; slings, no tonal bass drums; tuning issues with drums; no pit or 1-2 at most.
1. Student-Oriented; perhaps even studen-led with faculty only as advisor.
2. Emphasis on half-time show with contemporary topics; sarcastic, especially at expense of other team
3. Music choices are usually jazz, pop, and rock only-dependent on show’s “theme”.
4 Little or no “drill”; band usually runs to a picture, stands and plays, runs to another picture (scatter)
5. Basic percussion section (snare, tenor, bass, cymbal); no pit
6. Usually no color guard
7. Scoring follows printed arrangements; little or no arranging or customizing
8. Frequently antagonistic with crowds, athletic department, even school administration
9. Uniforms are basic and sometimes even paid for by members themselves
What are the pros/cons of having band camp at home?
1. no expense for elec/food
2. all can go home at night
3. Students may still work part-time.
4. Students used to facility

1. Job/vacation conflicts
2. Oversleeping
3. No novelty/burnout at school
4. Distractions (traffic, friends)

What are the pros/cons of having band camp at a local college?
1. Facility may be better
2. Easier to hire help
3. May have less distractions
4. No attendance problems

Hire a custom writer who has experience.
It's time for you to submit amazing papers!

order now

1. Student/local distraction
2. Higher cost per student
3. Logistecs (food, housing)

What are the pros/cons of having Band Camp at a retreat locale?
1. High degree of focus
2. Builds very strong group unity
3. Novelty/change of pace
4. No attendance problems

1. Homesickness
2. Cost per student
3. Emergencies (family, sick)
4. Bigger problems in logistics.

Preparations for first day of band camp:
1. Have perc/guard assistants on staff and contracts signed. Go over contracts and respnsibilities with staff early!
2. Have all facilities scheduled (extra rooms for sectionals, extra janitorial needs)
3. Student help and parent help for uniforms and instrument checkout
4. Xerox equipment ready with servicing and extra paper and toner; be on friendly terms with custodial staff.
5. Flip folders/notebooks/lyres/reeds/mouthpieces…have music dealerrep at first rehearsal
6. Name badges for everyone…word processed, not handwritted; especially important your first year as you must learn names in a hurry.
7. Meetings with drum majors and other student leaders.
What are the objectives for the first day of camp?
1. Meet and greet students
2. ID fall show concept (military) or have posters prepared for fall show concept (corps-style)
3. Read throough much of the music, including National Anthem and some stands tunes.
4. Introduce students to your practice area and an introduction to your marching fundamentals.
5. Have a get-aquainted mixer the first afternoon or evenin in conjuction with the first booster meeting(open to all); very good PR: invite all ISD administrators and principal
What are the traditional “soprano” instruments?
Flute, Clarinet 1, Trumpet 1, snare, bells, xylophone
What are the traditional “alto” instruments?
Clarinet 2, Alto Sax, Trumpet 2-3, Horn, Tenor Drums, Vibraphone, Marimba
What are the traditional “bass” instruments?
Bari Sax, Bass Trombone, Tube, Bass Drum
What instruments fulfill more than one role when it comes to voicing?
Trumpets 1-3, Clarinet 1-2, Tenor Sax, Euphonium, and Trombone
What are the transpositions for:
Alto Sax
Tenor Sax
Bari Sax
Flute- none
Clar.- M2 higher than you want to sound
Alto Sax- M6 higher than you want to sound
Tenor sax- M9 higher
Bari Sax- octave and a M6 higher
Trumpet- M2 higher
Horn- P5 higher
Trombone- none
Euphonium- none
Tuba- none
What are common drill moves from the opening block?
a. Forward march with all members
b. Illinois entry #1 and #2
c Step-2 drill
What are common final drill for military band?
a. Forward March to front sideline
b. Step-two from a parallelogram or “V” or inverted “V” to form block
c. Staggered countermarch from a parallelogram to form a block.
What is a lead sheet? What does it contain?
a skeleton of the music arrangement that you will use in order to create both the full arrangement and the drill that goes with it. It contains only:
1. the melody
2. Percussion breaks
3. chord symbols
In what order should you write a lead sheet?
1. Decide cuts
2. Determine KEY
3. Create count sheet
4. Reduce score to melody you want
5. Chord selection
What are common instrumentation/doubling edits when considering the scoring of a march?
Flute/piccolo- change divided parts to unison
Clarinet- Change division a3 to a2; some parts should be taken down an octave; or use 2-3rd parts only
Alto Sax- if only one part, divide in half to double horns/trombones
Tenor Sax- one part only; just as feasible as the written part: double tenor with trombone 1-2
Bari Sax- Double tuba or baritone, depending on range.
Trumpet- Division in 2 parts for smaller to medium bands; 3 pstyd only for large bands
Horn- use horn 1-2 for large bands only. Small bands double alto sax
Trobone- Divide in 2 parts only; only for unusually large bands get 3 parts
Baritone- keep it’s part. Can double with trombone or tenor sax
Tuba- For small bands, double generously with bari sax and even euphonium in unison or octaves.
How you hold your instrument
Balance within subsection (in regards to Percussion)-
Snare should be softer compared to the bass drum. Cymbalshave a high pitch and can cover up the high winds.
How does the drumline look front to back?
Form doesn’t look very recognizeable
Visual Impact-
Drill is catching the audience’s attention in some way.
Crab Step-
Side-stepping technique by drumline
Interval Retention-
Maintaining intervals
“Cover down”
Are you maintaining the proper interval?
Left-Right alignment
“Tagging a turn”
Bend body forward at end of turn
Is there something in the drill that will put the drums on the outside?
When is it used?
What does it do?
How does it work?
a. used in the beginning or middle of the show. Never at the end
b. in a block in which all members are moving together in the same direction, this drill will change the direction of all members 180 degrees, resulting in the same block, in the same order, moving in the opposite direction.
c. If you want a counter-march that begins on the left 40 yrd line, once the first row steps on the line they will take an additional step, half step flank Right, take another half step and flank Right, take a full step to reach the 40 yrd line.
Staggered Counter-March
When is it performed?
What does it do?
How does it work?
a. Usually performed in the middle of the show
b. Either changes a tetrahedron moving in driection A to a block oving 180 degrees of direction A, or changes a block moving in direction A to a tetrahedron moving 180 degrees of direction A.
c. Same as counter-march, except each column starts their counter-march at different times, usually at a two-step interval.
Stopped Column
When is it performed?
What does it do?
How does it work?
a. usually performed in the middle or the end of a show
b. Changes the bock so that it is moviing 90 degrees to the original direction, but the order of marchers remains the same.
c. A series of follow the leader maneuvers combined with right or left flanks/wrap legs and step-two drills so that the entire block is in the same order, moving 90 degress to the original direction. Typically, the leading columns (after all member turn at the same spot R or L arrive at the pre-determined place and halt. For best effect, these right turns are Right Flanks, done on the odd number count. For a stopped column maneuver to the left, the left column leader would od a Left Flank on an EVEN count.
What is a strong opening formation (corps)?
Pods (Regular/Irregular), Explosion
What is a strong openin formation (military)?
Basic Block, Thin Block
Inverted “T”
Area of a block where instrumentation is heard the most.
What is the purpose of the openng drill sequence (corps)?
Introduction/fanfare, transition to impact
What is the purpose of the opening drill sequence (military)?
Fanfare, Typical first maneuvers