– is an Afro-Brazilian art form that combines elements of martial arts, music, and dance, and was created in Brazil by slaves from Africa.
is danced in an embrace that can vary from very open, in which leader and follower connect at arms length, to very closed, in which the connection is chest-to-chest, or anywhere in between.
Is a relative term referring to people and a social identity involving the blending of European and Amerindian beliefs and cultural practices. Although in the past used as a more racial category, it now more accurately denotes the variable incorporation of Iberian and indigenous cultural heritage.
The most widespread Andean mestizo song-dance genre in Peru
? Texts – strophic
? Tunes – short sections in forms such as AABB
? Meter – duple
? Rhythm – typically eighth-and-two-sixteenth-note figure or an eighth-note triplet.
Orquesta tipica
Major ensemble type used to provide mestizo dance music
• Combines European and indigenous instruments
? Large diatonic harp
? Violins
? Accordian
? Mandolin (sometimes)
The combination/juxtaposition of duple and triple rhythmic patterns, both simultaneously in different instrumental parts, or sequentially in the same part; hemiola
juxtaposition of duple and triple rhythmic patterns, both simultaneously in different instrumental parts
Mestizo song-dance genre of Peru in sesquialtera rhythm.
• Also a couples “handkerchief” dance
? Typically in the European major scale
? Characterized by the sesquialtera rhythm in moderate tempo
? Form is typically AABBCC, and this is repeated twice with a short break between as “La Primera” and “La Segunda” parts.
? Texts are always on light romantic themes
A slow, sad, lyrical mestizo song genre from Peru.
Mexico’s most important song-dance genre, a strophic song usually on romantic themes and in many regions characterized by sesquialtera rhythm.