British Invasion
Timing important 1964 after JFK assasination
British resurrected the music we ignored
England’s “James Dean” counterpart – “teddy boys”
Skiffle Music
tame brand of pop, folk, and traditional jazz (taken from N.O. style)
Lonnie Donegan-“King of Skiffle”
Facts about Beatles
Able to change music history through all facets (musical style, fashion, social behavior)
can be broken into 3 distinctive periods
Early Period Beatles Recordings
Pop Style
Love Songs
Driving beat/Up tempo
First 4 albums
Lennon/McCartney not equal in writing songs
1st album took 13 hours to record
Middle Period Beatles
More acoustic/fold elements (Dylan influence)
Introspective style emerges
Individuality more evident
Social statements in songs
Next 2 albume: Help! & Rubber Soul
Late Period
Use of studio techniques
Music more individualized
More artistic composition
Added instrumentation
Drug influenced
The “white album” title was ironically least collaborative album
Last 7 releases
The Kinks
Most staunchly (English Proper) English group of all
Known as the precursors of heavy metal and punk rock
Later known as “power chord” playing
The Rolling Stones
Strive to be more earthly
Portrayed a vulgar look (Rough/sexy side of R)
Andrew Oldham-manager
Considered dangerous alternative to the mercybeat of the Beatles
Jagger/Richards core of group
Mick Jagger
Drawl like blues singer Howlin’ Wolf
Attracted to the gruff, eloquent directness of black music
White person singing black songs and flaunting it (stage presence)
Diana Ross & the supremes
One of the most important female groups in rock history
Supremes music is purest expression of the Motown sound
Jackson 5
Fronted by 10 yr. old Michael
Danced like mini James Brown
Jackson 5 transcended all race and age barriers
MTV’s Flagnon on 3 “Big Bangs” of Rock
Elvis-Sexual liberation
Beatles-Long hair & counter coulture
“Thriller”-Pop more about how you dance & look than only how you sound
Rare Earth
Motown’s premier white rock & soul band
experimental assault on the rock market
“Blue-Eyed Soul”
Stevie Wonder
Most successful Motown artist
1st hit: Fingertips @ age 12
First live recording to hit #1 in rock history
120 page contract w/ Motown made business history (Financial control)
By 70s played most instruments on his albums
Bob Dylan
Most important American contributor to rock music
First poet of mass media
Two distinctive time periods: acoustic & electric
Dylan shows that folk is rock
Fusion of country, folk, blues, R&R, poetry
Music discussed in English Classes
Dylan’s Acoustic Period
1st album: “The Times They Are A-Changin'”
Most overt Protest album
Gives feeling of “dust bowl” era
“Grapes of Wrath”
This ablum became anthem for frustrated youth
Dylan’s Electric Period
Illustrates wit
Was catalyst for drug culture/vietnam war
His band went on to form The Band w/Robbie Robinson
Set scene for folk-rock, followed by Byrds/Buffalo Springfield
“subterranean Homesick Blues”-first top 40 hit
“Like a Rolling Stone”- magnum opus about fall from being on top
The Byrds
Group that synthesized Dylan & Beatles
Dylan’s composition: “Mr. Tamborine Man” declared 1st folk-rock hit in rock history
Beatles “Ticket to Ride” inspired the sound & feel
“Eight Miles High”
1st drug tune leading 60s music to psychedelic period (acid rock)
“For what it’s worth”
One of most representative sounds of the 60s
Written after infamous sunset strip riots of 66-67
Labeled as protest song