1. The distance in pitch between any two tones is called:
an interval
The families of instruments that comprise the standard symphonic orchestra from the Classical era to the present day are: 
strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion
The term _____ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music. 
A series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole is called a: 
In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a: 
When an accent occurs on an unexpected beat the effect is known as:
A part of a melody is called a: 
A cadence is: 
a resting place at the end of a phrase
A theme is:
 a melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music.
_______ in music adds support, depth, and richness to a melody. 
The “dark ages” in Europe:
began about 450 with the disintegration of the Roman Empire
In the Middle Ages, most important musicians were:
The church frowned on instruments because of their: 
earlier roles in pagan rites
An important woman composer of the Middle Ages was:
 Hildegard of Bingen
The music the medieval monks sang was called:
 Gregorian chant
This music (gregorian chant):
 is monophonic in texture
Gregorian chant melodies tend to move:
 step-wise within a narrow range of pitches
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by French nobles called 
troubadours and trouveres
One function of secular music in the late Middle Ages was to provide accompaniment for: 
An estampie is a medieval:
The Renaissance may be described as an age of: 
all of the above (curiosity and individualism, exploration and adventure, the “rebirth” of human creativity)