Players Art
Jazz player is the composer, focus is on the player, song designed for the player
Blue Notes
3rd, 5th, 7th notes are lowered
Notes are right next to each other
quarter tones

a note players are searching for between two notes

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(2 combined notes)

rythmic figures, removed of an accent where you expect one, adding an accent when you least expect
wiggling of a note
construction of music, when to start, stop etc
iambic pritometer

way they write blues music,

5high sounds 5 low sounds

Jazz was…

Dance music until the 1940’s

then turned into an art form

players music/art

improv was main core of it

Jazz until the 1920’s

embelishment (illiterate)

then started to study it and make up brand new music

active listening vs. passive listening
1 sound at a time
2 or 3 sounds at a time
harmony, big band, a bunch playing at once

rhythmic section

piano,bass, drums


in marching band- tuba, piano and drum


africa rhthym comes from slave trade 

drums were feared because…

blacks talked with them

functional music

had to do with daily life

dance music

New orleans

built by french

french gave it to spain

1800’s spain gave it back to french

Creole color

1/2 white 1/2 black

sent overseas for school

lowered creoles to the level of black, took away their power
congo square
rec. area on Sunday brought slaves there to be free for a day
Mardi Gras

tuesday before lent up until lent

religious event

Benevelnce Society/Krase

Small Social Organization

take care of dead.

Marching Band

1st line- trumpet, trombone, clarinet

Tuba, Banjo, Drum (rhythm)

2nd line- actual people follow band and make parade (rowdy)

Great awakening


religiou movement eary 1800s tried to force people to be christian
hym gospel
religous folk songs
Mahale Jackson

made gospel music popular


Strict Harmonic Form (doesnt change)

12 bar blues

only 3 chords, each chord has 3 notes

early blues

came from plantation; no form picking cotton, no instruments, early poetry, sings about stuff from day

no rules or reason

City Blues

12 bar blues

women performing

iambic contameter

1;2 lines exactly the same

line 3 new

country and city blues


vocal or instrumental blues

up until 1930s either country or city blues

after 1930s vocal or instrumental

city blues

showbiz; when blues craze

dominated by female vocalists with small jazz group

ma rainey (mother or blues);and bessie smith (emperess of blues)

country blues artists

delta blues singers

big bill brunsey

lightning hopkins

bline lemon jefferson

josh white

lead belly

robert johnson

WC handey

father of blues

not a blues player, educated

champion of blues players, opened a talent agency wrote contracts for blacks so they didnt get ripped off

John and allen lowmax
traveled around country with a tape recorder to record all blues music; saved alot of blues music that wasn’t written down

piano style late 1800’s-early 1900s

1st early black music, happy fun, no improv or jazz, dance music of era, devil music born in midwest, influenced by syncopation

march tempo (2,4 time)

music of uptown new orleans came from W. classical music. 1st popular music (structured)

composers music, music of silent films. complicated form

Scott Johnson

maple leaf rag late 1800s

creole color, hero, fanaticle about music

wrote and opera- tree manisha no one came

1976 revieved puletzer prize after death

piano rolls- tin pan alley

first truly great black musician


Tin pan alley

NY music publishig area, sold music and equipment

big 3

scott joplin- started it all

james scott- 2nd in command

joseph lamp-


all three wrote 60-70% of ragtime

Boogy Woogy

blue collar style piano, blues, comes from west, music of illeterate, survived as early rock n roll, dance music/party music, busy 8/8, or 8/4 music

ostanato bass- walking bass or moving cords in ostenato

Ostanato base


reacurring maladic figure (casE) identifying part of music,

2 ways to play- walking base (one note after another), moving chords (thicker sound)

Pine Topson
west, very emotional style, 1st to record
albert amens
top recorder of boogy woogy craze
early recorders of boogy woogy

pine top smith-1st

albert amons

pete johnson

meade lux lweis


1st style of jazz, term from south called jazz after 1917, traditional dixiland before 1917

after 1917 chicago jazz, marches came from collected improc

polyphonic , burbon street black

story ville


38 block area of negative things of society

;the district; 1896

syndey story tried to clean up city

buddy bolun and lousin armstrong came out of here

navy closed it in 1917


mass migration north because story ville closed, river only way to get out of N.O (stockyards gave jobs away easy)

original diziland jazz band bade instrumental recording

(band went to europe 1919)

kid ory band- 1st black band to record
jelly roll mortin
1st to write down, thought he invented jazz
stride piano

everything that wasnt ragtime or boogy woogy

grew out of ragtime but looser and more improv

james P. johnson (father of harmlem stride style), fats waller, art tatum, oscar peterson, uv blake, earl paka hins (hands)

proabition started, outlawed consumption/sales of alcholol (bolstead act) roaring 20s. which why chicago was crime capital of world

juke box invented

austin high gang- 1st white band to record music, played more for parties (2/4 march tempo)

highly trained N white combined with soulful blacks of S. guitars instead or banjos, drum kit invented, music written out better, emphasis on soloists (lousin armstrong)

Louis Armstrong

1st to organize improvised solo

record scatt singing

"pops" or "scatchme" or "Sachel"

came out of storyville

Y- embassador for jazz music, 1st face put with jazz music

jazz age over, crime family finally broke
stockmarket crash, people moved to NY, came most romantic era of jazz, big band era, big dance craze
big band

harmonic improv, homophonic most important person in big band = arranger

most popular era of jazz, most danceable

organized = all kinds of dancing


bolstead act repealed in 1933

swing era launched by benny goodman (w. clarinet) had two blacks play with him

Glen miller- in the mood

jimmy dorsey

white- more commercial and pop

flat 4 time


NY sound

Fletch Henderson

duke elington- piano player, rote over 2-3 thousand tunes and arranged many more


KC swing sound

black head arrangement/riff arrangement-made up

blues type sound, didnt read well

not as neat and clean

benny molton

count bassey– piano player, territorial bands, together over 50 years, perfect wing band ever, most relaxed and perfect style, illeterate musicians sound innovator- 1st one to use trumpet mutes etc. (grovel style trumpets)

used classical instruments in jazz, specialty wrote music for individuals, human voice instrument (not words)

Cotton Club

Duke ellington

Harmlem NY ollie matson

jumbo shows- best black talent played there "after hours" No blacks were allowed through fron door, even though all blacks worked there, for whites, illiterate musicians

stride piano players
benny molton and count bassey in same band for some time

Don Redman

1st great arranger for big band


Paul Whiteman

king of Jazz- white

tennor sax was the main instrument in swing era

Tennor Sax

Colman Hawkins

lester young

ben webster

New york

White- 52nd street in Manhatten "the Street"

Harlem- black after hours

end of 30’s era went away

why did the big band swing era go away

because war, war tax, recording bann

musicians thought it was about time- sick of playing dance music

Duke Elington

Greatest Jazz composer ever

composed 2000+ songs, arranged 5000

piano playing

main gig was cotton club (after hours- 1st band played 2am until 6)

manipulated instruments- 1st sound innovator, groveel style trumpets, double bassed drums

wrote opera and ballet also

Count Bassey Band

Stride piano


;band that blayed the blues; (12 bar)

head arrangements bands

best of all swing bands

more relaxed than NY