Diatonic Scale
A scale with eight notes in an octave; all but two are separated by whole tones
Pentatonic Scales
A scale which consists of 5 notes
Ex: C-D-E-F-G
multiple rhythms at one time
multiple rhytms and beats
A temporary displacement of the regular metrical accent in music caused typically by stressing the weak beat
A repeated musical phrase or rhythm
Filed holler/street cry
Otherwise known as “work songs,” this is expressed by southern laborers which consisted of singing while working in the fields
Typically songs of praise or joy or worship
Ring shout
A group of people gather in a counterclockwise circle singing, clapping,and stomping rhythms;typically in a church setting
A syncopated melodic line with regularly accented accompanyment;heard most often in piano
Blues Scale
A scale consisting of the 1-3-5 and 7th notes in any major scale, the 7th note is diminished meaning it is flat.
Ex:1. Ex: C Blues scale
C – Eb – F – Gb – G – Bb – C
12 Bar Blues Form
A type of form which uses the I, IV, an V chords of a scale to create 12 measures or bars of music.
Ex: 4 measures of I, 2 measures of IV, 2 measures of I, 1 measure of V, 1 measure of IV, 1 measure of I again and then 1 measure of V which goes on to repeat again.
Rural (Delta) Blues
The earliest style of blues.
Urban Blues
An extrovert and rhythmic stlye of blues
A-A-B Phrasing
A lyric stlye phrase which consists of 4 measures of A, 4 measures of A, and ending with 4 measures of B before repeating once again
Robert Johnson
The King of Delta Blues Singers
Bessie Smith
The greates classic blues singers of the 1920s
A famous singer, still alive today, famous for one hit number “Three O’clock Blues”