Blues poetry of lycrics that follow an established AAB format. Over the 12 bar form, three phrases are sung, the first two being identical, the last phrase generally responding in some way to the first two.
The Missouri School
a group of ragtime composers and performers working in St. Louis and other Missouri cities in the 1890s that included Scott Joplin.
Creoles of Color
people in New Orleans with a European (usually French) and African ancestry
Call and Response
a melodic phrase played or sung by one performer that is answered by the rest of the group
a form characterized by the use of a 12-bar chorus and an AAB lyrical verse that can be incorporated into jazz, rock, and other styles. The blues is also a separate style in and of itself that comes in many different forms
a notated and fully composed piano style that was popular during the 1890s and early 20th century
Stride Piano
a virtuosic piano style played by Earl “Fatha” Hines that incorporated the use of octaves in the right hand
Second Line
the up-tempo and joyous music played on the return from a funeral in New Orleans; also denotes a rhythmic groove occasionally used in jazz performance
Head Arrangements
an arrangement that is created in a spontaneous fashion without written music
short melodic phrase or melody
Front Line
the wind instruments in a small jazz group
a traveling show that was popular during the 19th entury featuring songs, skits, and dancing that usually portrayed African Americans in a derogatory fashion
the solo pianists that played in the sporting houses (bordellos) of New Orlean’s Storyville district
Scat Singing
an improvised solo sung by a vocalist using nonsense syllables
The Austin High Gang
I, IV, V, I
The Great Migration
brought two million Southern black Americans north to cities like Chicago and New York by 1930
Jungle Music
the Duke Ellington composing style from the 20s characterized mainly by the growling trumpet style of Bubber Miley
The Karnowskys
gang controlled establishment where liquor was sold illegally
Sidney Story
Territory Bands
like farm baseball teams, containing players whose talent was not quite ready for a band with a national rep. Occasionally a player with outstanding talent would get “called up” and sometimes a territory band would get a big break. KC was homebase to most territory bands
The Harlem Renaissance
an increased awareness and promoting of African American artistic culture in Harlem in the 1920s that included theatre, literature, art, poetry, and music
Kansas City Style
the jazz style that evolved in Kansas City in the 1920s and 30s that is characterized by the use of 12-bar blues forms and head arrangements
Heebie Jeebies
recorded in 1926, Louis Armstrong’s first hit record
Black and Tan Clubs
a nightclub in the 20s and 30s where both black and white patrons were welcome
Rent Parties
parties that charged an admission price that helped pay the next month’s rent; popular in Harlem in the 1920s
Chicago Style
a style of jazz that emerged from white bands in Chicago in the 1920s
Plessy vs. Ferguson
1896 decision stating that separate facilities for clacks and whites were permissible, as long as they were equal. “Separate but equal”
Big Bill Thompson
WEB DuBois
Al Capone
James Weldon Johnson
Bugs Moran
Langston Hughes
Mardi Gras
Crazy Blues
recorded in 1920 by vaudeville singer and dancer Mamie Smith
1st Jazz Recording
1st Blues recording by a black singer
1st recording by a black jazz band
Reno Club
in Kansas City, located closer to downtown at 12th and Cherry, catered to both black and white customers ( although they were seperated by a divider that ran down the middle of the club), and four shows nightly. There were also rooms upstairs where prostitutes took clients via a private stairway. It was here that John Hammond discovered Count Basie Orchestra in 1935. It was also where young Charlie Parker would often hang out and listen to Lester Young, Basie’s main tenor soloist
located in KC at 18th and Vine, a basement club underneath a bar/restaurant with regular jam sessions that often attracted out-of-town musicians who were passing through
Cherry Blossom
located at 12 and Vine in KC, where one of the most notorious cutting contests in jazz history took place in late 1933
The Palace Gardens
The Territory
extended from Texas to Minnesota, Ohio to Colorado where territory bands would play
Sedalia, Missouri
home of the Maple Leaf Club
The Black Belt
southside Chicago in the area just below the Loop where new immigrants settled
Tin Pan Alley
originally used to describe the sound of the many pianos plinking out melodies along 28th st between broadway and 6th avenues in the early 20th century that sounded like dishpans being struck. Eventually became catchphrase to describe entire publishing industry based in NY
located 4th and Cherry in KC
Louis Armstrong
Father of Stride
The Lion
Father of Jazz
Father of the Blues
Papa Joe
Great White Innovator
“King” OIiver
Frank Trambauer
Lil Hardin
Robert Johnson
Fate Marable
John Hammond
Freddie Green
Jo Jones
Walter Paige
Jay “Hootie” McShann
Buddy Boldin
Freddie Keppard
William Basie
Edward Ellington
Bennie Moten
Tom Turpin
Harry Carney
Andy Kirk
James Miley
Mary Lou Williams
Jean Goldkette
The Twelve Clouds of Joy
The Barrons of Rhythm
The Blue Devils
the melody of a song
Swing Feel
rhythmically placing or accenting notes away from the beat in unexpected places
the act of simultaneously composing and performing
Downtown Creoles
Uptown Blacks
Field Hollar
a solo song-shout without form or steady rhythm that is highly spontaneous
Work Songs
songs sung during the performance of a job, task, or work to make the work easier
12-bar blues
Congo Square
Cotton Club
Subway Club
French Quater
Lincoln Gardens
Kelly’s Stables
Black Chicago
White Chicago
Original Dixieland Jass Band
Nick LaRocca
Scott Joplin
Jelly Roll Morton
Louis Armstrong
James P. Johnson
Fats Waller
Bix Beiderbecke
“Kid” Ory