Cool Style
short range, fewer notes, drum brushes, more relaxed, unusual time signatures, pianoless quartet
Hard Bop/Funky Style
more energy, drummers used sticks, more aggressive, “returning to the roots of jazz”, balanced and pretty, 4:1 cadence, electric organ appears
Third Stream Style
related to cool, conscious effort to combine classical and jazz, uses orchestra instruments, more complex/classical form, less impro
Free Form Style
just about anything, reoccuring theme with free form in the middle, no predetermined chord progression, no piano, as it got more free it became less popular
Fusion Style
influenced by rock, electric bass introduced, attention on rhythm, solos drop in and out, end with fade out
Dave Brubeck
1st to introduce idea of playing in complex time signatures; piano cool
Gerry Mulligan
1st to create a piano-less quartet; played baritone sax; cool
Instruments introduced during the cool period are…
string instruments, flugalhorn, flute, oboe, french horn, bassone
Horace Silver
1st piano player to play funky/hard bop stype
John Coltrane
took vertical improv as far as it could go; popularized soprano sax
Miles Davis is best known as a…
band leader
Lenny Trestano
piano cool
Jimmy Smith
electric organ
Bill Evans
piano modes
Cecil Taylor
piano free form
Sunny Rollins
sax funky
Ornette Coleman
sax free form
Wes Montgomery
The most famous/best ’50s quintet of Hard Bop was…
Max Roach and Clifford Brown’s quintet
Playing on modes was pioneered by…
and popularized by…
Bill Evans and Miles Davis
Weather Report
most popular fusion group b/c they had a sense of dynamic and lasted a long time
Why did drummers return to the lower arsenal of drums in fusion?
because they had to keep time and be louder than all the other instruments.
John Lewis
piano classical sound
Milt Jackson
Stan Gets
sax cool
Lee Kontz
sax cool
Miles Davis