John Coltrane
saxaphone player
– leader of free jazz
– grew up in philledelphia
– played with miles davis
– created a love supreme
– played hard bob and later free jazz
Son Ra
Chicago jazz band leader
– took jazz in a weird, cool direction
– was very trippy
R & B
Rythmn and Blues
– came after swing jazz
– possesed same types of qualities as dixieland
– focused on beat with horns intermitently played that emphasized unique sound qualities
– R & B is grounded in emotion and captured popularity
Cool school jazz
combined jazz and classical music
– different from bebop
– followed old classical music parameters
– enourmously popular
gerry mulligan
cool jazz baritone saxaphonist
gill evans
jazz pianist and composer,
– worked on cool school jazz, free jazz, modal jazz, and jazz fusion
Miles Davis
jazz trumpeter and band leader
– played with dizzie gillespie
– played bebop, cool jazz, hard bob,
modal jazz, and jazz fusison
– often disscussed classical music and incorporated it into jazz
Stan Kenton
Wanted to do both film scores and jazz music
– result was him creating progressive jazz
– founded neo-phonic orchestra and sounds were popular in horror movies
hard bob jazz
an earthy jazz that tried to recapture a black audience
– incorporated a latin framework with solos incorporating swing music
Sunny rollins
key saxaphone player for hard bob
jimmy smith
hard bob pianist
art blakey
wanted to spread gospel of jazz
– would take talented musicians and turn them in to band leaders
– would only keep members for a small amount of time
dizzie gillespie
him and charlie parker – saxaphonist combined there talent to create bebop
– later incorporated latin jazz in to progressive jazz
free jazz
emerges around 58 – 59, and implemented a few chordss, and than spontaneous nature took place
– very difficult to play
modal jazz
jazz where chords dont change too frequently
post golden era of jazz
during this period, a lot of jazz experiementation is going on. a lot of musicians are bored, and want to find something new to play. hardbob epitomizes this era due to its grass root beginings.
coleman hawkins
saxaphonist who was one of the first to start bebop
earnest “toots” latta
owner of mintons club in new york
– were dizzy gillespie and charlie parker started developing bebop style
most NEW YORK of all jazz forms
– lots of energy and fast paced
– eclectic in nature and style
– contained a sense of story telling
theloneous monk
new kind of piano player that wore funny hats and people didnt understand his style of play