considered first significant evangelical hymn writer
Martin Luther
Hymn of the Reformation
Mighy Fortress is Our God
considered Ambrose of German Hymnody
Martin Luther
Matin Luther recived his hymns from what sources?
Liturgy, Pre-Reformation vernacular, Secular folk songs, Scripture, Cantiones, Works of creativity
First collection of polyphonic settings of choral tunes for choir
John Walter’s Geistlieche Gesangk Buchelyn, 24 Harmnizations were published in Lyons and later on 83 psalms in Paris
Hymnal with soprano in top
Funfzig Geistlieche Lieder und Psalmen by Lukas Osiander (50 Spiritual Songs an Psalms)
religious thought emphasizing personal religious experience, shifted emphasis on objectiveness to subjectiveness, created out of Thirty Years War
the most prominent name associated with muisc development in the 18th century
Reason Bach was considered most prominent name of 18th century
his incorporation of the choral in is church cantatas, chorale-based organ compositions, and 4 part chorale harmonization
collection of Anabaptist Hymnology
known as Hussite or Bohemian Brethren because they were followers of John Huss
First Tune Book Published by Moravians in Europe; date published
Choralbach der Evangelischen Brufergemeinen in 1784
Calvin’s philosophy on music
simple to people, modest to Sovereign God
recognized value of Christian song to nourish piety and church worship
arrangement of psalms into stophic form with rhyme and poetic meter
Metrical Psalmody
Structure sung at Geneva
Metrical Psalmody
Reformed Churches rejected ____ in favor of ____
prose psalmody, metrical psalmody
Metrical Psalmody sung at Geneva characteristics
followed pattern of popular songs of the day, mny songs were inheried from trouvere and troubadors of previous centuries
influenced Calvin’s metrical psalmody
Calvin’s early collection of metrical psalmody
Strasbourg Psalter
Calvin’s early collection of metrical psalmody
Strasbourg Psalter
pacticed metrical psalmody, believed in unison voices for simplicity
successor of Marot, wrote psalm versifications until 1562 (when a collection of all 150 psalms was prepared for publication)
noted composer who assisted Calvin, Psalm 42, tunes were based off secular chansons and were carfully designed for ease of singing by congregation
aka Whole Book of Psalms, written by Sternhold and Hopkins
Old Version
no other publication has influenced Christian song as this has; made up of materials from previous psalters; intiated by John Calvin and his belief in singing directly from Scripture; contained 125 diff melodies in 110 diff poetic meter
Genevan Psalter
experimented with making metrical psalm versions in English and ballads (suggests they were to be sung in familiar ballad tunes of his day)
psalter, school teacher, clergyman
practice of naming tunes after places
Este’s Psalters
challenged Old Version, published by Tate and Brady
New Version
French composer of the tunes for the psalters of Geneva
Louis Bourgeouis
A Psalter for displaced English Protestants in 1556 and 1561
“The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacrament”
disciple of Purcell, tried to break down restriction of only using whole ad half notes by writing King Norton
Jeremiah Clark
outstanding hymnal of the 17h century, most used duing Luther’s time, written by Cruger (1644), by 1736 had 44 editions
Praxis Pietatis Melica
The Practice of Piety through Music
Praxis Pietatis Melica definition
rhythmic vitality in early chorales differed from isometric chorale (equal note value)
Chorale differences
major collection of Moravion hymns
Mit Freuden Zart
edited Whole Book of Psalms which later became known as Old Version
John Day
highly influenced German Hymnody
Thirty Years War
2 important psalters by Sternhold and Hopkins
Anglo-Genevan Psalter and The Sternhold and Hopkins Psalter