Call and response (antiphonal)
In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually played by different musicians, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or response to the first.
backbeat
beats 2 and 4 of a measure (in 4/4 time)
vamp
a musical figure often repeated for other musicians or a singer to improvise over
strophic
a standard song form where different verses are repeated over the same instrumentation
Musique concrete
the use of tape loops, tape manipulation, and found sound to make new music
polyphonic texture
multiple melodies occurring at once with equal importance
concept album
an album where all of the songs are united under an overarching concept; like Dark Side, or The Wall
Fill
a short musical passage, riff, or rhythmic sound which helps to sustain the listener’s attention during a break between the phrases of a melody.
flat four beat
a type of beat in 4/4 time with equal emphasis on all four beats; found in Motown and dance music
Heavy Metal
derived from psych-rock. many sub styles; loud, think led zepplin, Maiden, Anthrax, metallica, Ratt, blue oyster cult; etc. more umlats, man; vocals and guitar mixed equally; loud, shouty vox, riff based.
riff
a repeated musical phrase; usually the basis of a song
Happening
a performance, event or situation meant to be considered art, usually as performance art
distortion devices
pedals and the such used to change the sound of the instrument (usually guitar) through amplification.
super group
a band made of members of other bands. Think Cream and audioslave.
rave up
an extended improvisation over the 12 bar blues song form

(used by the Yardbirds)

montuno
a type of latin musical style characteristic used by grateful dead in Dark Star; Use of two chords over an entire song.
standard song form
AABA
glam rock/glitter
a descendant of heavy metal and punk; Hard rock, but with more makeup
Melisma
short improvisation over a held syllable in vocal music.
aleatory
chance music – the orchestral sessions in A Day In the Life; music dependent on the musician’s choice.
polyrhythms
more than one rhythm played on top of each other
New Wave
similar to punk; not as angry; more polished sound; more keyboards
power trio
a band made up of three members: Jimi Hendrix Experience/ Cream
Andrew Oldham
Manager for the Rolling Stones until 1966
Chas Chandler
the man who discovered and produced Jimi Hendrix
Arthur Rimbaud
Symbolist poet who heavily influenced the lyrics for the Doors
Alan Ginsberg
Beat poet who influenced the lyrics for the Doors
Cream
Super group from 1966 – 1968;
Eric Clapton (guitar), Jack Bruce (bass), and Ginger Baker (drums)
first super group

album oriented rock band

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Augustus Owsley
Early sound guy for the Greatful Dead; Also made a SHIT TON of LSD.
the glimmer twins
the production pseudonyms of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards
Billy Cox
Bassist for Jimi Hendrix’s band Band Of Gypsies;
Alan Parsons
Sound engineer for Pink Floyd
The Yardbirds
the band that both Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page were a part of for a while. They did blues rave ups and stuff.
Aldous Huxley
Writer ( a brave New world, the Doors of Perception) that the Doors got their name from.
Andy Worhol
in rock, he discovered the Velvet Underground, and produced them.
Nanker Phelge
the group pseudonym that the Rolling Stones used when they song-wrote as a group.
Syd Barret
Guitarist and Vocals for Pink Floyd (died 2006)
Jimmy Page
really? you have to ask?
Steppenwolfe
Born To Be Wild; forerunner of heavy metal
John Paul Jones
bassist for Led Zepplin
Malcom McLaren
managed the Sex Pistols
John Mayall
was in the BluesBreakers with Eric Clapton from 1965 – 1966
The Ramones
ProtoPunk band
the Velvet Underground
proto punk band, found and produced by andy worhol
Jello Biafra
Singer for the Dead Kennedys
Sting
bassist for the Police