Cootie Williams
Played trumpet with Ellington
Scott Lafarro
Bassist, played with Bill Evans
Jaco Pastorious
Electric Bass Player, In weather Report, Changed direction of jazz bass
Chet Baker
Used Counterpoint. No harmonic instruments. Pianoless quartet.
Django Rheinhart
Belgian gypsy guitarist,Unamplified, First good European Jazz musician. Quintette du hot club de france, lost 2 fingers
Paul Chambers
Bassist in Miles first great quintet.
Art Blakey
Hard bop, Moanin call and response, drummer. Lossening of jazz drumming
Stan Getz
Cool Jazz, Sax, Bossa Nova Structure
Art Tatum
Almost blind, Reharmonization, Amazing Pianist, Learned from piano roll
John Coltrane
Worked with miles and monk, Overcame addictions, Widely imitated
Clifford Brown
Died young, Long lines Reminiscent of bebop, Prodigy, Played With Sonny Rollins
Dave Brubeck
International fame, Composer, Master of odd meters, European elements
Herbie Hancock
Pianist Second Great Quintet
Miles Davis
Birth of The Cool, Harmon Mute, TuTu, Kind of Blue, Bitches Brew, Modal Jazz, Harmonic Rhythm
Thelonius Monk
Unorthodox composer, Bend Notes, Used melodic cell development
Charlie Christian
First use of amplified guitar
Antionio Carlos Jobim
Brazilian Composer
Billy Strayhorn
Co-wrote with Ellington, Dark key
Benny Goodman
Popularized swing, defined jazz clarinet, played with bix,first mixed band
Duke Ellington
Swing composer, master of 3 minute form, Jungle Sounds
Count Basie
Swing, Kansas City
Gil Evans
Arranger of Birth of the Cool
Pat Metheny
Biggest name of jazz 70s and 80s, Guitarist worked with Lyle mays, Spacious open sounds, New age
Chick Corea
Jazz Fusion, followed Herbie Hancock, Sicilian Spanish.
John Zorn
Free Jazz, Graveyard Shift Intro, Postmodernism(freedom fighters)
Wynton Marsalis
Neo-traditional(preservationists) Played with Art Blakey, Lincoln Center
Ornette Coleman
Free Jazz, Alto Sax, Harmolodic
Chano Pozo
Afro Cuban artist
The Big 6
Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Bill Evans
Congo Square
Slaves permitted to dance, in New Orleans, Now called Louis Armstrong park
Add vocals on top of an originially all-instrumental compostiotion
Weather Report
Jazz rock fusion, Collective improvisation, Emancipation of traditional roles in rhythm section
Chet Baker-Mulligan
no piano, counterpoint
Hard Bop Group
Quintet, Piano, Bass, Drums, Trumpet, Tenor Sax
Swing Group
Big Band, 5 sax, 3-4 trumpets, 3-4 trombones, piano, bass, guitar, drums
Nicholas Slonimsky
Thesaurus of Musical Scales, John Coltrane
Smooth Jazz
Quiet refined funk music instrumental pop music
Add color, Notes that are foreign to a given key
Free Jazz
Omitted tonality,Extensive manipulation of tone quality and pitch, Extensive use of the altissimo register, used high energy and gestures
Afro Cuban Style
Bass seldom on beat
Brazilian Style
Bass almost always on beat
When the units of sense of poetry don’t coincide with the verses, and the sense runs from one verse to another.
Influences of French Impressionism
Bill Evans(harmonically)
Such Sweet Thunder
50’s Ellington/Strayhorn, Midsummer’s night dream
Star Crossed Lovers
50’s Ellington/Strayhorn, Romeo & Juliet
Jazz Vocalists
Vibrato, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughn, Johnny Mercer
Strange Fruit
Vocal song by Billie Holday about lynching
The lengthening of a musical phrase by making the note values longer
Golden section, Fibonacci series, .618
Lester Young influenced who?
Stan Getz, Cool/West Jazz sax, Count Basie
Combination of rock with jazz, borrowed complex rhythms of rock and funk
Came from Hardbop
Used by Dave Brubeck, Blue Rondo Ala Turk, Differentiate between big and small beat
Cotton Club
Night Club in Harlem, Duke Ellington
Name comes from the sound of the music. Dominated by the saxophone. Musicians tried to rise from entertainer to artist. Many compositions were written over the changes of other popular tunes.
Equal Contribution Style
Bill Evans trio with bassist Scott LaFarro & drummer Paul Motian
Album by Herbie Hancock. Jazz Rock Fusion
First Great Quintet
Miles, Coltrane, Bill Evans, Cannonball adderly, jimmy cobb, paul chambers
Second Great Quintet
Miles, Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Tony Williams, Ron Carter
Moans and sings while playing
Keith Jared
Ornette Coleman. Simultaneous soundings of a single melodic line, in different tonalities, pitches, or keys.
Fender Rhodes Piano
Used by Herbie Hancock, Muddy sound, used by Chik Corea
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
Sine Qua Non
Momentum of innovation
Anatomy of a Murder
By Duke Ellington
Nonet Instrumentation
Used French horn and Tuba. Was written by Gil Evans for Miles Davis
Voice of America
Willis Conover, Brodcast to counter Russian propaganda during WWII.
Sheets of Sound
Used by Coltrane, Eighth note progressions
A Love Supreme
John Coltrane, Meld hard and free jazz
T/F: Herbie Hancock was committed to playing true jazz?
T/F: Ron Carter is a well known bassist?