Cootie Williams

  • in ellington’s band
  • trumpet
  • “Concerto for Cootie”
  • Swing
  • growling, or jungle music

Scott Lafarro
interactive approach with Jaco Pastorious. Revolutionized the double bass
Jaco Pastorious

  • Played with Weather Report
  • electric Base
  • drug problems and bipolar. beaten to death getting into a club.
  • Jazz rock fusion
  • fast tempo
  • changed the direction of Jazz bass playing

Weather Report

Jaco Pastorious’ band 

  • used collective improvisation
  • emancipation of traditional roles in the rhythm section
  • Joe Zawinul

Pat Metheney

  • one of the biggest names in Jazz
  • guitarist
  • Jazz Rock Fusion
  • spacious and open sounds (elevator type music)
  • Songs: first circle, slip away, 5-5-7(named for the chorus)

Herbie Hancock

  • Sax 
  • Songs: Nefertiti, Chameleon
  • Jazz Rock Fusion
  • electronic overdubs
  • platinum selling.

John Coltrane

  • Tenor and Sporano
  • after parker, the most widely imiatated saxophonist in Jazz.
  • Miles Davis Quintet
  • worked with Monk
  • drugs, but overcame the addiction. A Love Supreme is the album that celebrates it.
  • one main objectives was to elaborate the full implications of bop chord progressions.
  • played with sheets of sound
  • re established
  • Hard bop and Bop.

Charlie Christian

  • Transition to bepop.
  • first one to amplify guitar
  • played with goodman
  • breakfast fued.

Django Reinhardt

  • belgian gypsy guitarist
  • only had 3 fingeres on one hand
  • unamplified guitar
  • first outstanding Jazz Musician
  • Qunitette du Hot Club de France
  • transition

Art Tatum

  • severly limited vision
  • amazing technique and velocity at piano
  • reharminization
  • songs: Willow Weep for Me, Tiger Rag
  • transition 

Charlie Parker

  • nicknamed yardbird
  • possibly the most important musical figures in jazz history
  • played and lots of notes. densley packed solos
  • saxiphonist
  • songs: Shaw Nuff(with Dizzy), Embraceable You (two alternate takes)
  • bebop

Dizzy Gillespie

  • first important bop trumpeter
  • introduced Afro-Cuban music
  • Cab Calloway called his music “chinese music”
  • bebop

Thelonius Monk

  • Unorthodox composer
  • played like he could bend the notes like a jaz player
  • pianist
  • songs: straight no chaser
  • bebop

Dave Brubeck

  • admired as a composer not as a pianist
  • worked with Paul Desmond (alto sax)
  • mastery of “odd” meters
  • “Time out” was most Famous Album
  • songs: take 5, blue rondao ala turk (based on Mozart)

Miles Davis Quotes

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A legend is an old man with a cane known for what he used to do. I’m still doing it.;

Do not fear mistakes. There are none.;

Don’t play what’s there, play what’s not there. 

For me, music and life are all about style. 

I’ll play it and tell you what it is later.;

It’s always been a gift with me, hearing music the way I do. I don’t know where it comes from, it’s just there and I don’t question it.;

Miles Davis

  • played through 4 decades of Jazz
  • trumpet
  • nonflamboyant style (just the pretty notes)
  • caressed harmonies rather than set them on fire
  • thought to be more of a re-composer rather than a rearranger.
  • Albums: Birth of Cool (bop), Bitche Brew(jazz rock fusion), Kind of Blue (introduced modal Jazz), Hard Bop
  • Allstar band from Kind of Blue: Miles, Coltrane, Bill Evans (piano), Cannonball Adderly (alto sax), Jimmy Cobb (drums), Paul Chambers (bass)


Paul Chambers

Wynton Kelly

Bill Evans

Jimmy Cobb

John Coltrane

Cannonball Adderley

1963-1968 (second great quintet)


Wayne Shorter (Saxophone)

Herbie Hancock (Piano)

Tony Williams (Drums)

Ron Carter (Bass)

-free flowing sounds, airy feeling.

Miles Listening

Stella by Starlight


Hand Jive

Brown Hornet

Miles Runs the Voodoo Down


Chet Baker/ Gerry Mulligan

  • west coast
  • Pianoless quartet
  • no harmonic instrument
  • used counterpoint as the main focus
  • songs: Bernie’s Tune, Walkin’ Shoes

William “count” Basie

  • Piano
  • AABA
  • Uses brass vs. reeds-call and response
  • played in silent movie theaters
  • took over Bennie Moten’s band in 1935
  • style went from stride to very sparse
  • songs: doggin’ around, jumpin at the woodside

Freddie Green (Father Time)

  • played in basie’s band 
  • strummed chords on each beat.
  • rarely played solos, more of a rhythm player

Duke Ellington

  • edward kennedy ellington
  • composer, band leader and pianist
  • 2000+ compositions.
  • “Master of the three minute form”
  • took the idiom of jazz into the format of extended works
  • often wrote more than one versoin to a song
  • “jungle” pieces at the cotton club
  • dance pieces
  • cotton club was his important engagement
  • buber miley- growling sounds and plunger mute
  • discovered the “golden section”
  • wrote the suites- a group of pieces tied together in some way and intended to be performed together
  • somposed a film score, Anatomy of a murder

difference between lyrics and poems

Poems are free flowing

Lyrics are defined by form and meter

Poems can be of any length

Lyrics must be concise

Poetry can have a visual dimension – giving the reader a chance to go back and reflect on abstractions

Lyrics are primarily aural and are absorbed by the ear as the song goes along

Billy Strayhorn

  • Ellington’s “alter ego”
  • cowrote with ellington a lot of music during the 50s.
  • liked to compose the dark keys
  • wrote Take a Train, Lush Life at 18
  • flourished in Ellington’s Shadow

Antonio Carlos Jobim

  • Bossa Nova (rich)
  • Samba (poor)
  • contains a cool jazz sense of flavor
  • BimBom played on classical nylon stringed guitar

difference between Afro-cuban and Brazillian
Bass notes are almost always on the beat, aside from salsa
Art Blakey

  • drummer and leader of the Jazz messengers
  • epitomized the “loosening” of Jazz drumming styles
  • loud intrusions
  • call and response
  • AABA
  • 12 bar blues
  • songs: moanin’, blues march

Stan Getz
American Saxist under Antonio
Willis Conover
voice of america, durring the cold war. (europian)
John Zorn

  • Free Jazz
  • post modern
  • his jazz sounds like rock
  • Naked City
  • opposite of Wynton Marsalis

Wynton Marsalis

  • Neo Traditionalism
  • plays at the lincoln center in NY

Clifford Brown

on the trumpet. died in a car crash in 1956 at the age of 25. played long fluid lines remenicent of Bebop, but was a Hard Bop player.


songs: Charokee, Easy Living

the big 6







Sonny Rollins
On the Sax. Played with clifford brown.
Gil Evans

  • Known as a Rearranger instead of a composer.
  • worked with Miles Davis for a while.

The word “vocalese” is a play on the musical term “vocalise” and the;suffix;”-ese”, meant to indicate a sort of language.
format of hard bop

  • A reaction (in part); to the anemic, cool jazz records that exploited the superficial elements of west coast.
  • Return to roots: gospel and blues influences;
  • Simpler harmony, rhythm and melody than bebop
  • Powerful, explosive, hard driving
  • ;Funk; became an important concept.

format of swing
big band jazz, dancable music.