Mezzo forte; dynamic marking indicating moderately loud;medium loud
A flat major/F minor key signature
poco rit.
Poco ritardando; becoming a little slower
Tempo marking indicating fast and lively
to sing smoothly with no noticable breaks between the notes
a pause for breath in singing
Marcato; a symbol indicating the note should be emphasised
The practice in preformance of disregarding strict time for expressive effect.
Tie; a curved line used in musical notation to join two succesive notes of the same pitch, showing that they should form one sound lasting for the time of their combined value.
slur; a curved line used in musical notation to indicate that the notes are to be sung smootly
poco meno mosso
Indicates a change to a slightly slower tempo
Triplet; group of 3 equal notes written where a group of two notes is suggested by time signature
Diminishing, i.e. gradually getting quieter
D major/b minor key signature
unison; the simultaneous performance of the same line of music by various instruments or voices; this may be at the exact same pitch or in a different octave
Fortissimo; very loud
tempo marking restrained or moderate
cresc. poco a poco
Directive used to indicate that a passage should gradually increase in loudness
Piano; soft quiet
Natural; the symbol, which, after a note has been raised by a sharp, or lowered by a flat, restores to it’s original pitch
Fermata (pause); the symbol indicating the prolongation of a note or a rest beyond it’s usual value
Tenuto (“held”); i.e. sustained to the end of a notes full value
a tempo
Return to the previous tempo
Ritardando, i.e. becoming gradually slower
piu mosso
more movement, i.e. quicker