Wilhelm Mueller (d)
1794-1827 (Vienna)
Wilhelm Mueller wrote
Die Schoene MUELLERin
Die Winterreise
Wilhelm Muller:
Poet or composer
Wilhelm Mueller’s 2 volumes
Poems from the posthumous papers of a wandering horn player
Wilhelm Mueller job late in life
director of the court theatre in Dessau in 1826
Wilhelm Mueller’s posthumous fame is due to
Griechenlieder. Got involved in war politics like Byron with Greece & Turkey.
Die Schoene Muellerin composer
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin dates
Originally composed in 1816-1817. Revised and added to in 1821.

Completed the entire cycle in 1827

Die Shoene Muellerin published as
Posthumous papers of a wandering horn player (I & II)
Schubert’s most profound works
Die Winterreise
Der Doppleganger

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Late in life, syphilis ridden

Franz Schubert (b & d)
Shubert studied under, when, for what
Salieri, composition, 1803-1813
Gretchen am Spinnrade (d)
Shubert’s hayday
Early in life. by 1815 composed lots.
Shubert’s friends
Joseph von Spaun, poet Johann Mayrhofer, Franz von Schober
Shubert & his friends secret club
Schubert stopped teaching
After quitting teaching (1818) Schubert composed
Die Forelle, Der Wanderer, piano sonatas, 5th & 6th symphonies
Schubert’s baritone friend
J.M. Vogl
Schubert music master where
Esterhazy family (same as Haydn)
Schubert contracted syphilis (d)
Die Winterreise (Schubert) (d)
Schubert’s last year (job)
Elected to Vienna Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde. Gave a full scale public concert.
Schubert’s impact on lied
established the German Lied as an important art form in the 19th century
Robert Schumann (d)
Schumann’s deviation from his norm
Originally never considered lieder a great art. until age 29 (1839)
Schumann’s usual fare
mainly piano music, some instrumental
Married Clara (d)
1840 (previous piano teacher’s daughter)
After 1840 compositions
Numerous song cycles (138 in 1840)
Schubert & poets
HEINE & Eichendorff (didn’t believe in setting mediocre poems)
Heine’s text. from a collection Heine called “Lyrisches Intermezzo” (65 poems, 16 songs 1822-23)
(loved his cousin)
In wunderschonen Monat Mai (details)
Improvisation quality
final word is verlangen (longing)
ends on unresolved dominant 7th chord
In wunderschonen Monat Mai (composer)
Robert Schumann
Aus meinen Tranen spriessen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Aus meinen Tranen spriessen (details)
chorus of nightingales=poet’s sighs, 8th note line emphasizes mood.
Die Rose, die Lilie die Taube (composer)
Robert Schumann
Die Rose, die Lilie die Taube (details)
Poet was once enamored with nature, now focuses on a single quintessential beauty
(patter song)
Wenn ich in deine Augen seh (composer)
Robert Schumann
Wenn ich in deine Augen seh (details)
Looking into lover’s eyes makes all sorrow disappear.

Walther von der Vogelweide uses kissees as a cure for love sufferings.

Ich will meine Seele tauchen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Ich will meine Seele tauchen (details)
The only expression of love is through this poem, whispered to him by lily.
Im Rhein im heiligen Strome (composer)
Robert Schumann
Im Rhein im heiligen Strome (details)
Use of churchly Phrygian mode.

The Kolner Dom largest cathedral in Germany.

Ich Grolle nicht (composer)
Robert Schumann
Ich Grolle nicht (details)
Incredibly beautiful poetry.
C Major (used a lot in this cycle).
Repetitive accompaniment sets mood.
Und wussten’s die Blumen, die kleinen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Und wussten’s die Blumen, die kleinen (details)
If the stars, nightingales, & flowers knew how wounded his heart is, they’d help him. His grief is too much for their help.

Incessant tremolo figure & ferocious piano postlude.

Das ist ein Floten ung Geigen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Das ist ein Floten ung Geigen (details)
Poet’s love is marrying someone else.
It’s a blaring noisy affair; angels sobbing, all the earth is grieving.

Piano could stand as solo piece.

Hor ich das Liedchen klingen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Hor ich das Liedchen klingen (details)
Hears a song once sung by his love which causes his grief. Forest consoles him.

Multilevel activity in musical conclusion.

Ein Jungling liebt ein Madchen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Ein Jungling liebt ein Madchen (details)
possibly from an indian poet

Off beat accents & sharp modulations underline significant text.

Am leuchtenden Sommermorgen (composer)
Robert Schumann
Am leuchtenden Sommermorgen (details)
Talking flowers attempt to comfort a suffering love.

Arpeggiated accompaniment influenced Brahms’s Intermezzi

Ich hab ein Traum geweinet (composer)
Robert Schumann
Ich hab ein Traum geweinet (details)
A dream about a dead love.

Dramatic silences in postlude obsure the final cadence

Allnachtlich im Traume (composer)
Gradually intensifying pain.

Voice is more rhythmic than piano.

Aus alten Marchen winkt es (composer)
Robert Schumann
Aus alten Marchen winkt es (details)
Flowers sing and talk, all but the last verse is in a make-believe land.

One of the longest in the cycle.
Postlude relates closely to the introduction.

Die alten bosen Lieder (composer)
Robert Schumann
Die alten bosen Lieder (details)
Poet says: Let’s bury the old evil songs & bad dreams

Piano postlude longest in cycle. Contains material from an older piano concerto. Postlude relates back to the opening song.

Joseph (Baron) von Eichendorff (d)
Who is Baron von Eichendorff?
German poet & writer. (1788-1857)
Greatest lyric poet of the romantic movement.
Set most notable by Schubert & Schumann
Friend of Mendelssohn
Liederkreis (Op. 39) (d)
Liederkreis (details)
12 poem song cycle. All mention 12 poems nature seasons & times of day, sky & flight.

Schumann attempted a kind of musical unity between all pieces.

In der Fremde (composer)
Robert Schumann
Clara Schumann (d)
most famous woman pianist of her day.
In der Fremde (details)
Beautiful vocal line accompanied by low arpeggio movement-shows fragile sadness.

From group called “Totenopfer” (Sacrifices to the Dead)

Waldesgesprach (composer)
Robert Schumann
Waldesgesprach (details)
Lorelei legend appearing as a forest Nixe
Hunting horn sound in accompaniment since Lorelei is portrayed as a hunter
Mondnacht (composer)
Robert Schumann
Mondnacht (details)
Best known of all Schumann’s songs.

poet: Eichendorff in a group called “Spiritual Poems”

Romantic transcendental longing

Auf einer Burg (composer)
Robert Schumann
Auf einer Burg (details)
Like the legend of Barbarossa
contains a wedding procession down the Rhein
Her real lover abandoned her and she doesn’t love who she’s marrying.

modal setting with imitative piano
No prelude or postlude, ends on dominant triad which resolves in the next song.

Zwielicht (composer)
Robert Schumann
Zwielicht (details)
Twilight. Twilight is not to be trusted.

Mood sustained by dark & sinuous accompaniment.

Fruhlingsnacht (composer)
Robert Schumann
Fruhlingsnacht (details)
Joyful final song, crowded with birds & spring breezes.
Brahms on Clara Schumann
Called her “the Greatest Singer” refering to her beautiful tone & legato piano playing.
Clara & marriage
Her father didn’t want her to marry Robert Schumann. (economic reasons)
Clara’s output
3 collections of lieder
Piano pieces, piano concertos, etc.
28 Lieder, 18 of which were published.

(output decreased hugely after marriage)

Clara & Robert’s joint work
Lieder collection called “Zwoelf Gedichte aus Friedrich Ruckert’s Liebesfruehling fuer Gesand und Pianoforte.

3 of the songs were Clara’s

Clara’s specific lieder
Er is gekommen
Liebt du im Schoenheit
Ich stand in dunklen Trauemen
Das ist ein Tag
Felix Mendelssohn (d)
Felix Mendelssohn background
Born Jew, baptized Christian

Studied with Carl Zelter started in 1817

Mendelssohn’s break out performance.
1829-conducted Bach’s “St. Matthew Passion” (important in reviving Bach’s music)
Mendelssohn’s sister
Fanny Mendelssohn (1805-1847)
Felix Mendelssohn’s output
almost 90 songs, mostly conservative

Usually AAA or AAB

set poems by 30 poets (Klingemann especially)

Auf Fluegeln des Gesanges (composer)
Felix Mendelssohn (Heine)

One of Mendelssohn’s best known songs
(Seligen Traum repeated at end of song)

Felix Mendelssohn (Von Eichendorff)

written for Fanny’s death

Neue Liebe
Felix Mendelssohn (Heine)

reminiscent of Mendelssohn’s fairy scherzos with a touch of menace

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (d)
Fanny Mendelssohn’s output
~300 songs (not well known as a composer in her lifetime)
Fanny Mendelssohn
Die Mainacht
Fanny Mendelssohn (Hoelty)

also set by Brahms;

Each stanza ends with a melismatic phrase that keeps getting longer and longer.

Fanny Mendelssohn (last song she composed)
Piano has its own melody which is finally taken up by the voice in the coda.
Robert Franz (d)
Biography about Robert Franz by
Liszt in 1872
Robert Franz
Aus meinem grossen Schmerzen
Robert Franz
Bitte & Gute Nacht
Robert Franz
Franz criticisms
his works lacked passion
Robert Franz style
Reflective mood tinged with melancholy
“must not excite, must bring peace”

Thought modulation was more effective than melody in emotional development

Stuck with strophic songs

Die Lotusblume
Robert Franz

example of Franz’s use of modulation

Es klingt in der Luft
Robert Franz

contains emphasis on the modal and contrapuntal qualities

Die Winterreise (poems)
First published in 1824
Name of Die Winterreise when published in 2 volume as poems
Poems from the poshumous papers of a wandering horn player (I & II)

2nd one dedicated to Carl Maria von Weber

Die Schoene Muellerin (composer & d)
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin
Die Schoene Muellerin (details)
Story of first and unrequited love the young mueller has for the Mueller’s daughter.

Almost half are strophic
folklike melodies
intensely beautiful vocal part
a lot of brook imagery

How many songs in Die Schoene Muellerin
20 Lieder
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

he meets the brook

Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

first hint of the millwheel.

Am Feierabend
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

imagery for life at the mill

Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

His passionate love for the miller’s daughter bursts forth.

Most frequently performed independently

Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

Happy climax of the story

Der Jaeger
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

Hunstman appears

Eifersucht und Stolz
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

brook flows stormily reflecting the despair of the young Mueller.

Trockne Blumen
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

The died flower she gave him lied with him in the grave.

Der Mueller und das Bach
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

The brook consoles the lover.

Des Baches Wiegenlied
Franz Schubert
Die Schoene Muellerin

Gentle lullaby sung by the brook over the dead lover.

Gute Nacht (Schubert)
Franz Schubert
Die Winterreise
1st set

Tells the background of the cycle’s story.

Auf dem Flusse
Franz Schubert
Die Winterreise
1st set
Soft and plodding footsteps
Die Winterreise style & story
Nature & our hero move in tandem throughout the cycle.
Man leaves his town where he was scorned to go into the winter night.

LOTS of nature imagery
Footsteps reflect his state of mind in each song.

Franz Schubert
Die Winterreise
1st set
Brisk and defiant pace
Der Lindenbaum
Franz Schubert
Die Winterreise
1st set
Most well-known

Dreaming of a leafy summer and his love.

Die Post
Franz Schubert
Die Winterreise
2nd set

Frequently sung apart from the cycle
posthorn sounds in the prelude
Sound of heartbreak when there is no love letter in the mail.

Der Leiermann
Franz Schubert
Die Winterreise
2nd set

final song of the sets
Organ grinder plays the hurdy gurdy though no one is listening.

Final line: Willst du meinen Liedern deine Leier drehn?”

Left hanging on dominant