Who is the composer?
What style is the piece written in?
What is “Klangfarbenmelodie”?
The tune is shared between instruments of different timbres. Invented by Schoenberg.
Expressionist music is atonal. What does atonal mean?
no defined key signature/structure
What kind of emotions does expressionist music express?
Single, intense emotions
What does ‘peripetie’ mean?
A sudden reversal
When was the piece written?
What does ‘Hauptstimme’ mean?
main voice
What does ‘Nebenstimme’ mean?
Secondary voice
Describe the 7 motifs of the piece.
They are formed from a hexachord and used either melodically or harmonically.
What is the time signature of the piece?
What is the tonality of the piece?
Atonal- no defined key sig/structure
What is the tempo of the piece?
Sehr Rasch(very quick. Full of driving energy and startling contrasts.
Describe the dynamics.
Constantly changing:
A- starts f, each idea louder. then section ends quietly.
B- Overall pp-fff-pp.
A1- Calm, quiet down to pp
C- Quiet Hauptstimme(main voice) with passionate triplets
A2- Builds to full orchestra fff then fades to pp
Describe the pitch.
Octave Displacement(patterns varying widely in pitch from one note to the next) eg. in Motif G
Instruments play at EXTREMES OF REGISTER eg cellos/basses very high, horns very low.
What is the rhythm of the piece?
Triplets, semiquavers, demisemiquavers
Dotted notes in C section
Constantly changing, syncopated
Describe the harmony.
motifs are based on a combination of different hexachords. each line is a separate idea but creates accidental harmony.
describe the texture
Polyphonic- similar instruments work together but each group interweaves independently.
What are some of the musical features of the piece?
Detailed playing instructions:
Intrumental Techniques- muted/unmuted, tremolo, ‘stopped’ horn
staccato, accent marks, crescendo/diminuendo on single notes
Other Instructions-
divisi(split), G string (play high up, Tutti(all together), Bell up
Describe the melody and form
Seven main motifs based on hexachords used either melodically or harmonically. Each motif is played on certain instruments, eg. Motif A is played by clarinet, Motif B is played by trumpets and trombones.
what is the structure of the piece?
Rondo form- A B A1 C A2
A1 + A2 develop A
B + C = episodes
Describe the instrumentation.
Uses a very large orchestra. Full range of instruments, exploring how they sound when played at extremes of their register and extremes of dynamics. The timbre is as important as melody- eg. uses a bow on the cymbals.