Decrescendo – gradually getting quieter
Crescendo – gradually getting louder
Rallentando; slowing down, gradually
Merry, quick, lively, bright
Time signature indicating a compound triple meter, typically where each measure consists of three beats, and each beat is divided into three eighth notes.
G flat major of E flat minor key signature
a tempo
Denotes reversion to speed at the beginning of piece or movement after a deviation
Ritardando – becoming gradually slower
An emphasis on a particular note, giving a regular or irregular rhythmic pattern
Accelerando – a direction to increase the speed of a musical performance, often over a fairly long passage
Staccato – detached. method of singing a note so that it is shortened by being held for less than its full value.
“More” an adverb used in music particularly for tempo adjustments (ex. piu mosso – faster; piu animato – more animated, etc.)
Subito – suddently, immediately. A word found in scores in such contexts as subito piano (suddenly quiet) etc.
Tenuto – held; sustained to the end of a note’s full value
Divis – an instruction for one section of the ensemble to divide itself into two or more, taking separate parts that are often notated on the same staff.
Forte – strong or loud
Pianissimo – very quiet
Sharp – the sign which placed before a note raises its pitch by one half step
Flat – the sign which when placed before a note lowers its pitch one half step
mezzo-piano – dynamic indication implying moderation; mezzo-piano is less soft, therefore louder, than piano.
Resolute, resolutely; the term appears in scores around 1800 as a tempo marking, later as an expression mark.
Fermata- the sign showing the end of the phrase or indicating the prolongation of a note or rest beyond its usual value.
diminishing. Gradually getting quieter
Duplet; a group of two notes or chords occupying the time of three; usually occurs in a movement in compound time.