Tap Tap
Port-Au-Prince; Local bus, which is really a flatbed pickup truck with a painted wooden frame covering the cargo area.
Haitan dance music
Haitian creole, “troubador.” A Haitian singer of topical or popular songs, usually accompanies by guitar, maracas, malima and tanbou drums
The Afro-Haitian religion, primarily of Dohomeyan and Congolese derivation.
These slaves were resistant to the French and ran away to inaccessible mountain areas. (From the french and spanish words meaning “runnaway slaves”) They practiced small-scale agriculture and hunting
Creole mulatto class in Haiti
Spirits of Haiti
Ceremonies often salute the Iwa of Rada, Petwo, etc. The Rada nanchon uses an ensemble of three tanbou (drums) called manman(mother), segon (second/middle), amd boula (or kata).
“Nations” which Iwa’s are organized into. They take their names from geopraohic locations or ethinic groups in West and Central Africa.
Haitian street celebrations, with music provided by band rara (Rara bands)
1960s Haitian term for rock music (from the Beatles’ “She loves you, yeah, yeah, yeah”)
A popular dance music if Martinique and Guadeloupe
A creole early- and mid-twentieth century dance-music genre of Martinique and Guadeloupe
A Cuban term for the rhythmic ostinato pervading danzon and related genres (long-short-long-short-long, or x-XX-XX-)
A Jamaican poplular music that emerged in the early 1960s derived in part form American rhythm and blues
Rock Steady
A Jaimaican popular music style that supplanted ska and was dominant around 1955-68
A Jamaican term (derived from “rhythm”) used to refer to the underlying recorded rhythm tracks that are often recycled to create new songs or to back deejay lyrics in Jamaican polular music. A “riddim” is usually defined by a bass melody and the basic accompanying drum patterns.
Rhumba Box
A Jamaican bass instrument with plucked metal lamellae, equivalent to Cuban marimbula and Dominican marimba.
The highest-pitched of the Rastafarian drums used in traditional nyabinghi music, which plays the more complex rhythmic patterns.
A specifc genre of Jamaican poular music that developed around 1968 and remained the dominant form until the early or mid-1980s. Since the late 1960s, howver, the term has often been used to reer to all styles of Jamaican polular music, including dancehall.
A politico-religious movement that developed in Jamaica in the 1930s and has since grown to become a world religion. Its original prophets proclaimed the divinity of Empoeror Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari) of Ethiopia and predicted the immenent repatriation of the faitful to Africa.
A blanket term for the Afro-Protestant religions that developed in Jamaica during the 19th century, as well as the music associated with them. Sometimes used to refer a specific, more African branch of Revival.
A Trinidad Christmas-Season song and dance genre of Venezuelan derivation (from Spanish parranda “spree, party”
1. A traditional, drum-based Rastafarian musical style. 2. Formal Rastafarian gatherings or ceremonies
Moko Jumbie
A traditional stilted, costumed stock character in Trinidad Carnival, also formerly common in other Afro-Caribbean festivals.
A Jamaican creole folksong genre played on a variety of instruments, most typically featuring guitar, banjo, fife (or fiddle), and rumba box (bass lamellophone)
1. An African-derived religion in eastern Jamaica and the neo-African music associated with it. 2. (lowercase) The name of a new, secular, urban style drumming that developed in Kingston and contributed to the development o nyabinghi drumming.
Kromanti Play
Traditional religion of the Maroons living in the Blue Mountains of eastern Jamaica.
A ghoulishly costumed stock character in Trinidad Carnival
Dub Poetry
A Jamaican genre of poetry (also disseminated in printed form) usually performed with reggae-style accompaniment, using Jamaican creole language and uncompromising political lyrics
1. A sub style of reggae remixes that flourished during the 1970s and early ’80s, characterized by special studio effects such as fades. echo, reverb, and shifting of recorded tracks. 2) In some circles, a synonum or dancehall music.
Deejay Music
Deejays that sport gold and fancy cars. Sing about violence, struggle for respect, sex
A style of Jamaican popular music that arose out of reggae in the 1980s and currently remains the dominant popular style.
1. An East Indian priced condiment. 2) a light, fast Indo-Caribbean song and dance in modernized Indian folk style.
A 19th century Afro-Trinidadian festival with drumming and dancing, derived from a plantation fire drill (from the French cannes brulees)
Crop Over
Big festival in Barbados. Competitions, singing, dancing
Very much like calypso, but has dance party kind of these. From Trinidad, ;Hot, hot hot!;
Grassroots folklore about everyday life. From Trinidad