“19th C. Realist.”    Manet,  Luncheon on the Grass.

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-Manet updated traditional paintings with modern subjects in ways that scandalized the french art world
-The paris public was shocked by its vivid juxtaposition of a nude female and clothed men in a contemporary setting and protested Manet’s style of painting, which rendered the woman’s nude form in a flat, chalky white
-Analyze the effect of the painting’s harsh frontal lighting and the nude woman’s bold gaze at the viewer


Impressionist.   Monet,  Impression, Sunrise.

-the painting that gave impressionism its name

-Monet used broad swatches of grays and orange to suggest the sun’s reflection and the ghostly ships at rear

-He borrowed the arrangement of rowboats along a receding diagonal perspective from Japanese woodblock prints 


Post-Impressionist.   Seurat,  Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.

-Illustrates the complex formality of the pointillist style
-Seurat creates a subtle pattern of parallel lines and interlocking shapes, each figure is treated with scientific dispassion and precision flattened and contained by Seurat’s formulas
-The rhythm of the shapes can be interpreted by either creating a mood of unity and tranquility among city dwellers enjoying their leisure or by the anonymity and self-absorption of life in the modern city


Modern: Abstract.   Duchamp,  Nude Descending a Staircase no. 2.

-Was one of the most notorious works in the 1913 armory show that also included Picasso and Matisse
-Part of the new mode of thought and expression that exploded across the western world and outraged the public


Modern: “Abstract–primitivist.”   Picasso,  Les Demoiselles d’Avignon

-Acid demonstration of the female nude was the first great manifesto of pictorial modernism
-Note the abstracted treatment of the nude female form and flattening effect of the background curtain
-Compare to a traditional female nude such as Boucher;s


Modern: Surrealist. ; Dali,; The Persistence of Memory.

-combined minute detail with bizarre images and vividly painted landscapes
-more mannered and self-conscious version of surrealism;


Modern: Abstract. ; Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie. ;

; Mondrian favored simple straight line, basic color, and plain rectangular shapes; he felt that all of these should be “liberated” from having to portray anything in the external world

-He believed that simple forms such as those in this painting embodied fundamental order , and he hoped that works of art based on simple forms could somehow also help to bring order to human society.

-This particular work is somewhat unusual for him in that he gives it a title that is meant to connect it to structures in the real world–namely, the patterns of streets and human activity in the city, and, the rhythms of jazz.


Modern: “Abstract expressionist.”   Pollock,  Number 1

-Pollock was the best known of the avant-garde New York painters called “abstract expressionists”
-some saw existential despair in Pollock’s drip method, others saw his cryptic canvases as the transcript of a pure and “existential” encounter between artist and materials