post romanticism
Strauss – symphonic poems
exotic scales, unresolved dossonances, parallel chords, rich orchestral color, free rhythm (Claud Debussy)
Paris World Exibition 1889
an exhibition marking the centenary of the French Revolution
German response to French impressionism. composers such as Schoenberg and Webern explored new harmonic systems and the extreme registers of instruments
Second Vinnese School
Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Anton Webern
the simultaneous use of severa rhythmic patterns or meters commin in 20th Cent. music and in certain African music
use of two or more keys;
total abandonment of tonality moves from one level of dissonance to another without areas of relaxation
method of composition in which various musical elements may be ordrered in a fixed series
a vocal style in which the melody is spoken at approximate pitches rather than sung on exact pitches, developed by Schoenberg
mexican ensemble consisting of trumpet, violin, guitar. and bass
World Expo Chicago 1893
Joplin performed ragtime music, first time it gained public notice
tried to rid music of the story-and-picture meaningsw favore in the 19th Cent.
late 19th Cent piano style created by African Americans characterized by highly sincopated melodies also played in ensemble arrangements
12 bar blues form
4-I 4-IV,I 4-V IV I
scat singing
a jazz style that sets syllables without meaning to an improvised vocal line
Jazz term coined to describe Louis Armstrongs style, more commonly refers to Big Band jazz
complex jazz style developed in the 1940’s
jazz term for a short improved section or solo without accompaniment that breaks an ensemble passage or introduces an extended solo
American Musical Theatre
roots in European operetta, brought by emigre composers
dance of Afro-Cuban origin with a characteristic quadruple rhythm pattern
source music
a film technique in which music comes from a logical source within the film and functions as part of the story
rock and roll
popular music first heard in 1950’s derived from the union of African American rythm and blues, country western, and pop music
total serialism
extremly complex totally controlled music in which the twelve tone principal is extended to elements of music other than pitch
aleatoric music
indeterminate musi in which certain elements of performance are left to choice or chance
prepared piano
piano whose sound is altered by various materials (metal, rubber, leather, and paper) between the strings, invented by John Cage
prepared piano
piano whose sound is altered by various materials (metal, rubber, leather, and paper) between the strings, invented by John Cage
musique concrete
music made up of natrual sounds and sound effects that are recorded and then manipulated electronically
electronische musik
electronic music debveloped in Germany in the 1950’s that uses an oscillator to generate and alter waveforms
minimalistic movement
contemporary musical style featuring the reptition of short melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic patterns with little variation
a bell-like style developed by Estonian composer Arvo Part. achieved by weaving conjunct lines that hober around a central pitch; from the Latin word for bell
a contemporary style that combines the lush harmonies of New Romanticism with the high-energy rhythms of minimalism; John Adams os a major exponent