Ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of durations of notes and silences in music


Also known as tone color is the quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another
Basic pace of the music

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 Organization of musical ideas in time



Organization of beats into regular groups


Series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole

Performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time is polyphonic,  Single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic, Term describing music in which one main melody is accompanied by chords is homophonic.


Basso Continuo

Baroque accompaniment made up of a bass part usually played by two instruments: a keyboard plus a low melodic instrument.


Terranced Dynamics

Abrupt alternation between loud and soft dynamic levels; characteristic of baroque music



little trills and other things added to main notes of a piece of music in order to make it more interesting



All of the instruments who don’t play as soloists are the ripieno which is background to the soloist in concerto grosso form.




Large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text, but without acting, scenery, or costumes, often based on biblical stories.



Extended composition for instrumental soloist and orchestra usually in three movements: Fast, slow, fast


Rondo Form

Compositional form featuring a main theme that returns several times in alternation with other themes such as A B A C A and A B A C A B A.  Rondo is often the form of the last movement in classical symphonies, string quartets, and sonatas. 


String Quartet

Composition for two violins, a viola, and a cello; usually consisting of four movements. 


Symphony (Composition)

Orchestral composition, usually in four movements, typically lasting between 20 and 45 minutes, exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the orchestra. 


Mass of the dead

Inclusion of folk songs, dances, legends, and other national material in a composition to associate it with the composer’s homeland


Tone Poem
Also known as symphonic poem is programmatic composition for orchestra in one movement, which may have a traditional form (such as sonata or rondo) or an original irregular form.
Real life operas with real life characters
Slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo to intensify the expression of the music
Timbre is synonymous with
Tone Color
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called
… in music refers to degrees of loudness
Plucking the string with the finger instead of using a bow is called
Fortissimo indicates that a passage is to be played
very loud
A gradual increase in loudness is known as
When a performer emphasizes a note by playing it louder than the notes around it, it’s called
WHen the string player causes small pitch fluctuatuons by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down it is called
A sound that has a definite pitch is called
What language have composers traditionally used to indicate dynamics and tempos?
The term for a lutheran congregational hymn
The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone with the price of admission opened in the year
The baroque style in music flourished betwee the years
A sonata intended to be played in church, and therefore dignified and suitable for sacred performance
Sonata da chiesa
The beginning of the Baroque Period coincides with the invention of what musical artform
What is the number of musicians needed to perform a trio sonata?
A piece for orchestra that features a group of instrumental soloists is called
concerto grosso