Folk: Where is it derived from
Musical characteristics
Folk singers
Derived from regional folk singer handed down orally

Primarily vocal melodic with simple chordal accompaniment and words reflecting life condition

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Singers: Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger

Folk-Rock: Where is it derived
Musical characteristics
Revival of folk music on college campuses with protest for civil rights, peace movement

Fusion of Rock Jazz, Country, Folk, Blues and others

Bob Dylan Joan Baez paul and Mary, Mamas and Papas, Simon and Garfunkel

Jazz/Rock, Funk and Disco musical qualities

Jazz/Rock Performers

Disco/Funk Performers

Fusion of 2 or more types of music like gospel, blues, jass, lating or rock elements. Emphasizes percussion and bassline with chord and instrumental riffs.

Jazz/Rock: Herbie Hancock, Ray Charles, chicago, Earth Wind and Fire, Santana, Weather Report

Disco/Funk: Dyke and the Blazers, James Brown, George clinton (funkadelics), Kool and the Gang, commodores, Donna summers and the BeeGees.

Heavy Metal musical elements

Heavy Metal Performers

Heavy Metal elements consist of heavy use of electronic devices (distortion, volume, power chords)

Performers-Jimi Hendrix, Who, Cream, Iron Butterfly, alice cooper, Kiss, Black Sabbath, MC5, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, AC/DC, Black Sabbath, Korkus, Iron Maiden, Def Leppard

Punk philosophy

Punk Performers

Reaction against commercialization of rock, anti-establishment, destructive, pessimistic, with colorful hair and clothing

Performers- Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones, New York Dolls

Heavy Metal
Vocals buried within the texture rather than dominant
Use lead guitar solo with the bass line more important much later
Heavy metal is album oriented rather than single oriented
Heavy metal is associated with professional wrestling
Difference between British/European style
British/European style: riff oriented and blues based

American version is more melodic and less blues based

Pre-Metal musicians
Rock musicians like Jimi hendrix, Who, Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin
Classic Metal how started
Started in mid 1970s when Heavy Metal became sparate style of Rock and Roll with own fans
Classic Metal characteristics
Demon worship, focus on lead guitar
Mainstream Metal


1980-1987-lyrical message, balanced instrumentation

WASP, Motley Crue, Twisted Sisters, Iron Maiden

Punk Movement
Cultural and antisocial. Anarchic against society, destructive pessimistic. Reaction against the boredom of American Rock. Wanted return to 1950s lyrics. Describes clothing style in London in the 1970s. Considered 3rd Revolution
punk groups
Sex Pistols, Clash, The Damned, ramones, Buzz cocks
New Wave
started in 70s, became propular in ’83