strophic form
song form in which the sme music is repeated with ever stanza (strophe) of the poem
through-composed form
song structure that is composed from beginning to end, without repetitions of large sectons
song cycle
group of songs, usually leider, that are undefined musically or through their texts
german for “song” most commonly associated with the solo art song of the 19th century, usually accompanied by piano
“borrowed time” common in Romantic music, in whic the performer hesitates here or hurries forward there, imparting flexibility to the written note values
incidental music
music written to accompany dramatic works
programmatic music
instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations, especially popular in the 19th century
symphonic poem
one-movement orchestral form that develops a poetic idea, suggests a scene, or creates a mood, generally associated with the Romantic era. Also tone poem
Harriet Smithson
idee fixe
fixed idea by berlioz for a recurring musical idea that links different movements of a work
Dies Irae
chant from the Requiem mass whose text concernts judgement day
performer of extraordinary technical ability
bel canto style
“beautiful singing”:elegant Italian vocal style characterized by florid melodic lines delivered by voices of great agility, smoothness, and purity of tone
“leading motive” or basic recurring theme, representing a person, object, or idea, commonly used in Wagner’s operas
the Ring cycle
a french movement developed by visual artists who favored vague, blurry images intended to capture an “impression” of the subject. is music characterized by exotic scales, unresolved dissonaces, parallel chords, rich orchestral tone color, and free rhythm
synthetic scale
whole tone scale
scale pattern built entirely on whole-step intervals, common in the music of French impressionists
parallel chords
a short, melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern, that is repeated throughout a work or a section of one
a style of visual art and literature in Germany and Austria in the early 20th century. The term is sometimes also applied to music, especially composers of the Second Vianesse School
New Classicism
New Classicism
the simultanesous use of 2 or more keys, common in the 20th century
toal abandonment of tonality (centering in a key), atonal music moves from one level of dissonance to another, without areas of relaxation
method of composition in which various musical elements (pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tone color)may be ordered in a fixed series
tone row
an arrangement of the 12 chromatic tones that serves as the basis of a 12-tone composition
a vocal style in which the melody is spoken at approximate pitches rather than sun on exact pitches; developed by Arnold Schoenberg