The four main properties of musical sounds are pitch, dynamics, tone color, and
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called
A tone in music is a sound that
has a definite pitch
The distance in pitch between any two tones is called
an interval
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called
a pitch range
Dynamics in music refers to
a degree of loudness or softness
A gradual increase in loudness is known as a
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a
Tone color is synonymous with
A part of an instrument’s total range is called a
The ________ is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or more specifically, the particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music, is
The organization of beats into regular groups is called a
The first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the
When an accent occurs on an unexpected beat, the effect is known as
The term ___________ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music.
A gradual slowing-down of tempo is indicated by the term
In musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five horizontal lines called a
Melody may be defined as
a series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole.
A melody is said to move by steps if it moves by
adjacent scale tones.
Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody
in a short of detached manner
A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as
A part of a melody is called a
A melodic phrase ending that sets up expectations for continuation is known as a(n)
incomplete cadence.
A cadence is
a resting place at the end of a phrase.
A melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music is called a
Sequence may be defined as
the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch.
_____________ in music adds support, depth, and richness to a melody.
The musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other is
A chord is
a combination of three or more tones sounded at once.
A consonance is a combination of tones that
is considered stable and restful.
A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a
When a dissonance moves to a consonance, it is called a
The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the
Key refers to
a central tone, scale, and chord.
Tonality is another term for
Modulation refers to
a shift from one key to another within the same composition.
Musical texture refers to
how many different layers of sound are heard at the same time.

what kind of layers of sound are heard (melody or harmony).

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how layers of sound are related to each other.

The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
When a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called
Homophonic texture consists of
one main melody accompanied by chords.
Form in music is
the organization of musical ideas in time.
Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called
Repetition is a technique widely used in music because it
creates a sense of unity.

helps engrave a melody in the memory.

provides a feeling of balance and symmetry.

Forward motion, conflict, and change of mood All come from
A musical statement followed by a contrasting statement and then a return of the original statement would be called
ternary form
Three-part form can be represented as
A B A.

A B A’.

statement, contrast, return.

The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counterstatement would be called
In music, _________ refers to a characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, tone color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form.
Farandole from L’Arlesienne Suite No. 2
Young person’s guide to the orchastra
Johann Sebastian Bach
Bourree from Suite in E Minor for Lute
Frederic Chopin
Prelude in E Minor, Op. 28, No. 4
Dance of the Reed Pipes from Nutcracker Suite