Solesmes Notation/ Quadratic Notation
Started by monks in Solesmes in the 19th Century that used square noteheads and is found in the Liber Usualis
new text and corresponding music to Mass music
the last syllable sung by cantor in a long melisma, usually the Alleluia
Courtly Love/ fin amour/ fin’ amors
man or woman pining for love from someone who cannot return the love
a plainchant melody with at least one added voice to enhance the harmony
type of sacred, but non-liturgical vocal composition for one or more voices
guide for chant made by Guido of Arrezo
Rhythmic modes
a formulaic sequence of short and long notes
musica enchiriadis
music handbook, instruction on ornamenting chant
Ad organum faciendum
manual how to make organum
Winchester Troper
an anthology on Organum
Magnus Liber Organi
Great Book of Organum written by Leonin
Ce fut en Mai
Written by Moniot d’Arras in early 13th Century. It is a pastourelle that follows a strophic structure AABB. —It has a guitar, is in french, and is in 6/8—
Three Songs with Refrains: 1: Je muir, je muir d’amorete (Rondeau) 2: Dieus soit en cheste maison (Ballade); 3: Fines amouretes (Virelai)
It was written by Adam de la Halle in 1300. It is a formes fixe composition. 1:ABaAabAB 2:RaabR 3: AbbaA…It is strophic, and a sequentia
Jubilemus exultemus;
It was written by Anonymous in 1100. It is Aquitanian Polyphony. It is musica enchiriadis. —sung by women, the top voice goes everywhere—-
Viderunt omnes by Leonin
It was written in the late 12th century. It is organum duplum. It is from the Magnus Liber Organi aka Great Book of Organum and is performed during the soloists part in Responsorial. “Notre Dame style organum”
Viderunt omnes by Perotin
It was written in 1198. It is organum quadruplum. It is copular. —sounds like weird film music—
Vetus abit littera
Written by anonymous in the early 13th century. It is a conductus. Poems are nonliturgical, metrical, rhyming, stanzaic, and strophic.
Ex semine rosa/ Ex semine Habrahe/ EX SEMINE
Written by anonymous in the mid-thirteenth century. It is a double latin motet.
L’autre jour/ Au tens pascour/ IN SECULUM
written by anonymous in the late 13th century. It is a double french motet
On parole/ A Paris/ Frese Nouvele
Written by Anonymous in 1300. It is a double french motet.
Tribum/ Ouoniam/ MERITO
It is an isorhythmic motet written in the early 14th century
Rose, liz
Guillaume de Machaut in 1360. It is a Rondeau
Messe de Nostre Dame, Kyrie
Written by Machaut in 1360. It is a kyrie from a cyclic mass. 
En remirant
written by Caserta in the late 14th century. It is a Ballade
Fumeux fume
Written by Solage in the late 14th century. It is a Rondeau
Two settings of Osellecto selvaggio
Written by Jacopo da Bolgna in the mid 14th century. It is a madrigal, and a caccia
Non avrà  ma’ pietà
written by Francesco Landini in the late 14th century. It is a Ballata
Doctorum Principem/ Melodia Suavissima/ VIR MITIS
It was written by Johannes Ciconia in 1410. It is an isorhythmic motet
Fractio modi
the layering of rhythmci modes
Cantus firmus
fixed melody
Franconian notation
precursor to modern day notation
Ars nova
new technique 14th century mostly
measured notation
basically an ostinato fixed pattern of pitches (color) and rhythmic pattern (talea)
Formes fixe
fixed form including the Virelai, Rondeau, and Ballade
Ars subtilior
Machaut and caserta “subtle art” It is an extension of Ars Nova. It is rhythmic in nature
Squarcialupi Codex
illuminated manuscript compiled in Florence, Italy in the early fifteenth century. Primary source of music of the fourteenth century of the Italian Trecento
Music ficta
unnotated inflections
Double leading-tone cadence
movement of 3rd to 5th to octave
Phrgian cadence
movement of VI to V
Landini cadence
Under third escape tone cadence