Simple Binary Form
A|B or A|A’
This form can be sectional (A ends in tonic in home key) or continuous (it does not). B section presents new motivic material in a contrasting and closely related key before returning to tonic.
Rounded Binary Form
A|BA’
Sectional or continuous. B section is transitional – features modulations, fontes/montes/pontes/ circle of 5ths. Return of A section at the end is in home key and usually shortened.
Simple Ternary Form
A|B|A
Sectional or continuous. Links or transitions sometimes used to connect sections. B section usually begins and ends in own contrasting key (stable). Return of the A sections appears in full, and is sometimes longer than before.
Composite Ternary Form
Three part form that contains embedded binary forms in each section.
Continuous Variation Form
Passacaglias (repeated bassline) and Chaconne (repeated chord progression). Begin with unaccompanied bassline or chord progression. Feature ostinati, either for a short time or the whole work. Elisions are commonly used.
Sectional Variation Form
Appears under “Theme and Variations” or “Variations on a Theme”. Small rounded-binary form, ending with a conclusive cadence and short pause before the first variation. Either embellishes the melodic/bass line, alter tempo/rhythms, changing key and/or change harmonies & musical textures.
Five-Part Rondo Form
Characterized by repeating section (refrain). Contrasting sections called episodes. Sections can move directly or through use of transitions and retransitions. Succeeded refrains may be altered in length.

A – tonic
B – closely related
A – tonic
C – closely related
A – tonic (coda)

Seven-Part Rondo Form
Same characteristics as Five-Part. If second episode modulates and develops, then referred to as Sonata Rondo Form.

ABACAB(or D)A

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STUDY SONATA FORM
Neopolitan Sixth Chord
N6 or Flat-II

FA – LE – RA

Before – I, vi, or IV
After – Dominant function

Italian Sixth
Le Do Fi
French Sixth
Le Do Re Fi
German Sixth
Le Do Me Fi
V9
root 3 7 9
V11
root 7 9 11
V13
root 3 7 13
Pentatonic
D R M S L
D Me F S Te
Ionian
major
Lydian
major #4
Dorian
nat. minor #6
Mixolydian
Major b7
Phrygian
nat. minr b2
Locrian
minor b2 b5
Aeolian
Natural Minor