Sequence of movements in the Symphony and String Quartet
Allegro, Andante (slow), Minuet and trio (dance movement), and sonata-rondo form
Forte Piano
Played Loud then immediately soft
Musical compositon played in someones honor; typically calm, light music.
Musical genre in which is most often lighthearted and is generally composed for a small ensemble
In Austria, leading center for music in the classical period; mozart, haydn and beethoven all worked there at some point and shucbert was born there.
intrumentation of the string quartet
2 violins, viola and cello
screen play of any work; written by a libbretest
style of singing in which performer adopts rhythms of ordinary speech
instrumental intoduction to drama, choral, or instrumental composition
French Revolution Dates
Baroque orchesta instruments
flute, oboe, bassoon, horn, trumpet, timpani, harpsichord, violin, viola, cello, bass, theorbora
classical orchestra instruments
violins, violas, cello, double bass, flute, oboe, clarinet, basoon, french horn, trumpet, timpani
Scherzo (trio) 3rd movement
o Scherzo is a piece of music that is often from a larger piece of music. it often refers to a movement which replaces the minuet as the third movement in a four-movement work, such as a symphony, sonata, or string quartet. Scherzo also frequently refers to a fast-moving humorous composition which may or may not be part of a larger work.
Eine Kleine Nachtmuzik
Mozart ba ba bum
Military Symphony
appears when a piece of music needs to be reverted to where to the “to coda” symbol to repeat
third section of sonata form
Minuet and Trio
an ABA form, A=Minuet, B=Trio; often the third movement
last movement
Opera buffa
comic opera
“fate knocks at the door”
Beethovens 5th
Opus (op.)
o A number, often part of the title of a piece, designating the work in chronological relationship to other works by the same composer
Kochel (K.)
numbers given to mozarts compositions
cyclic form
o structure in which musical material, such as a theme, presented in one movement returns in a later movement
Classical period
Composers of Classical Period
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
Who was Prince Esterhazy and What did he build
o Esterhaza was built by Prince Esterhazy in Hungary. Opera house in which the first opera was Haydn’s opera “Lo spezaile
New classical orchestra instruments
piccolo and trombone
development section in symphony
o Structural reshaping of thematic material. Second section of sonata-allegro form; it moves through a series of foreign keys while themes from the exposition are manipulated
ABACA, last movement
short melodic or rhythmic idea; ; the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-haromonic-rhythmic unit
sequence of movements in concerto
fast, slow, fast
o an improvised and written-out ornamental passage played or sung by soloist usually in ‘FREE’ rhythmic style. The orchestra stops playing, leaving the soloist to play alone
Janisary band instruments
triangle, cymbals, drums
Choral Symphony
Beethoven 9th
over 100 symphonies
40 symphonies
9 symphonies
What was the Heiligenstadt testament
Letter written by Ludwig Van Beethoven to his brothers Carl and Johann at Heiligenstadt. Talks about his despair over losing his hearing and his physical and emotional ailments in order to complete his artistic destiny.
named after napoleon
Beethovens Eroica
two types of italian opera
opera buff= comedy
opera seria= serious
Prima Donna
italian opera term refering to leading female singer
Mozarts three comic opera
The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, Cosi fan tutte
Ode to Joy
Fredrich von Schiller
Symphony no. 3 (eroica)