A basic unit in the formal organization of music, usually 4 measures in length
melodic contour
The shape defined by the rising and falling pitches of a melody
A melodic harmonic formula that brings a phrase to a more or less definite close
ascending line
tension is produced
descending line
A closing harmonic progression consisting of the dominant chord followed by the tonic
(V or viidim-I)
A closing harmonic progression consisting of the subdominant chord followed by the tonic. (IV-I)
A nonfinal cadence, usually terminating with the dominant chord
(I, IV,or ii-V)
A non final cadence consisting of the dominant chord followed by the submediant chord
perfect cadence
Authentic or plagal cadence that meets the conditions
1) both the final and 2nd to last chord must be in root position
2)the final chord must have the keynote in the highest voice
imperfect cadence
an authentic or plagal cadence that lacks a complete sense of finality
picardy third
The raised third in the tonic chord of a minor key
provide more emphatic conclusion
cadential six-four
A second inversion chord that is part of the cadential formula– most frequently, the tonic chord in second inversion followed by the dominant
Phrygian cadence
A type of half cadence.
-The subdominant in first inversion moving to the dominant (in a minor key)is a typical example
A diatonic chord in one mode, which appears as an altered chord in the opposite parallel mode. Most borrowed chords appear in major, barrowed from the parallel minor key