bizzare; music is very ornimented
**terraced dynamics**
abrupted change from loud(forte) to soft(piano) or visa versa
La Primavera
concerto for violin and string orchestra Op. 8, No. 1 from “The Four Seasons”
**basso continuo**
baroque accompaniment made up two instruments playing bass line; usually viola d’gamba and keyboard
all except Organ Fugue in G minor
figured bass
short hand for chord structure; numbers under the staff used to tell a performer what cord to play
one of the first great opera composers
composed ORFEO
**concerto grosso**
composition where an orchestra is pitted against a small group of soloist
Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D Major – J.S. Bach
polyphonic composition based on ONE main theme(subject)
Organ Fugue in G minor – J.S. Bach
Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier
set of prelude and fuges written in every major and minor key.
48 total
written to teach his wife and children how to play the clavier
N:book with the story line of the opera
M:text of an opera
speech like singing, usually leads into an aria
song for solo voice and orchesta accompaniment, usually espesses emotion with outpouring of melody-opera oratorios and cantatas; lead in by a recitative
Tu se’ morta” from Orfeo
da capo aria
aria in ABA’. the last a is more ornimented
orchestral introduction before the opera begins; sets the mood for an opera
J.S. Bach
Lutherian church musican
very fine keyboard player and teacher
hymn tune sung to a German text
G.F. Handel
master of Italian opera and English oratorio
nearly blind he still conducted and gave concerts
moved to London
wealthy and famous at death
large scale composition for chorus, vocal solist, and accompanist(usually orchestra).
no costumes, acting, scenery.
usually a narrative text
usually bibically based
figure of late Italian baroque
Italian-born in Venice
priest but left poor health
red hair led to nickname “Red Priest”
voilin teacher player and conductor