What does DIES IRAE mean?

How does Mozart portray the meaning of the words in the music

Day of Judgement

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D minor key Signature
Fast Tempo (Allegro Asssai – very fast
Rapid Semiquaver movement
Word Painting
Use of the trumpet fanfare and timpani (suggesting thunder?)
Forte dynamic
Diminished Chords
Neapolitain 6th chords
Full texture

The opening section is mainly tonic or dominant chords but in Bar 3, the chord is a Dominant 6/5 chord. What notes are involved
A, C sharp, E, G 1st inversion (C Sharp in the bass)
In bar 2, identify the rhythmic technique used in the 2nd violin ,viola and basso continue
Describe how the voices perform at the start of this movement
The lyrics at Bar 10 are “Quandus Tremor est futurus (Great trembling there will be).”

How does Mozart portray this in the music

Relentless semiquaver movement in the strings

Dim7th Chord in Bar 12 (Fsharp,A, C Eb)

Name the compositional device heard in the vocal parts in bars 10-18
Antiphonal (SAB imitated by T with the 3 bar phrase)
Ascending Sequence (Quando b12 is a tone higher than Quantus b10
What is the purpose of bars 19-21
3 bar orchestral link included diminished chords in parallel movement with brief tonicisation of E minor before returning to A minor at b21
How does Bar 22-29 relate to the opening of the Dies Irae

What are the differences

Similar shaped melody
Homophonic vocal texture

Now A Minor(Dominant)
B28 – B flat in music leads to imperfect cadence in to B29 to A minor (NEAPOLITAIN CHORD ON BAR 28b3 on CUM)

How does Bar 31-40 differ from earlier at B10
All vocal parts together/No tenor echo

No Brass or timps added until B40
C minor Key
b43 Dim7th chord (64b3 chord)
B34 – sequence is only a semitone higher in soprano

Identify the chord at the start of BAr 35
Neapolitain 6th of D minor (Eb/G) on “CUN-cta
Identify the chord structure at bar 38- to 40
Change every Minim
Bar 38 – Gm/Bb (iv) then F/A (IIIb)
Bar 39 – Eb/G Neapolitain of D min then Dim7th
Bar 40 – Ic (beat 1) then V (beat 2) IMPERFECT CADENCE
What does the term TASTO SOLO mean
Usually found on the continuo part, to indicate that a note or section should be played on its own, without harmony.
In BAr 40, word painting is used on QUANTUS TREMORE EST FUTURUS. Explain what this is and how this shown
Portraying the meaning of the word in music e.g. TREMBLING – the bass voice, upper strings and bassoon all move by a repeated semitone pattern
Describe the SAT parts at B42 to 52
Antiphonal response
2nd response has parts re-voiced but is the same chord
Which chords are used from Bar 53 to 57
Dmin and A Minor (Tonic and Dominant/Diatonic harmony)
What compositional device is heard between the SA and TB parts and doubling instruments at B57 to 65.

Describe what the violins are doing through this passage


Playing fierce descending semiquaver arpeggios

Identify the chord found in BAr 63
Neapolitain Chord leading to a perfect cadence with 4-3 Suspension
What is unusual about the chord at the start of Bar 65
No 3rd of the chord (Similar to the end of the Kyrie)
Bar 65 is based on the music of which earlier bars in this movement?
Bars19-21 and finishes with a Unison D note