What is meant by the term ‘Swing’
Jazz term – a pair of quavers where the 1st note is longer i.e. Triplet quavers with a crotchet and quaver together
Which style of early Jazz mainly features the Piano – Give an example of a piece/Composer
Ragtime – Scott Joplin- The Entertainer
What is meant by the term Front Line and give an example of a piece that demonstrates this
Any instrument that plays a solo e.g Alto Sax. Tenor Sax, Trumpet, Trombone, Piano. The Solo could be often improvised
What does the term ‘Break’ mean
a break is an instrumental or percussion section during a song derived from or related to the piece– meaning a “break” from the main parts of the song or piece.
What does the term ‘Scat’ mean
Singing nonsense words – Doo-be-do-be do
What does the term ‘Stab Chords’ mean
Short, staccato and accented chords, often from the Reeds or Brass that adds an impact when played
What does the term ‘Guide Tones’ mean
Guide tones are typically considered to be the 3rd and 7th scale degree of a chord because this is what determines whether a chord is major, minor, or dominant.
What does the term ‘Lead sheet mean
A lead sheet is a form of musical notation that outlines the essential components of the piece the melody, lyrics and chords/harmony.
Describe a Blues scale
Tone, Semitone,Semitone, 3 semitones,Tone, 3 semitones

e.g. C, D, Eb, E, G, A C

What does the term ‘Blue Note’ mean
Compared with the major scale, some notes, known as blue notes may be flattened by a semitone or ‘bent’ by a smaller interval. Blue notes are usually found on the third, fifth or seventh degree of the scale.
What does the term ‘Fill’ mean
a short musical passage, riff, or rhythmic sound which helps to sustain the listener’s attention. Often played by Drummers!
What does the term ‘Walking Bass ‘ mean
a bass part in which a note is played on each beat of the bar and which typically moves up and down the scale in small steps.
What does the term ‘Comping’ or Vamp ‘ mean
The piano, guitar or drummers playing quieter than the jazz soloist to “compliment”
In Ragtime and early Bigband, the piano often played the accompaniment in what style. What is it and describe it
Stride Piano
– Left hand plays a “Boom-Chic” or Oom-Pah rhythm
More modern jazz uses irregular time signatures.
What are these and give an example of a piece that uses an irregular time signature
An uneven sense of pulse e.g 5/4, 5/8, 7/4 & 7/8;

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Take Five by Dave Brubeck